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Posted on May 1st, 2014, by

One of the greatest consequences of written language brought in by Chinggis Khan was the possibility of assignment and codification of Mongolian rights, folk customs and views.

The legislation was called “The Great Yasa”¯, where the word “Yasa” means “order, decree.” Unfortunately, no complete version of the Yasa has been preserved or at least no manuscript containing it has been as yet discovered.2 However, the fragments of Chinggis Khan’s laws and ordinances had been found, and it was ascertained that the Yasa consisted of two major parts. “Bilik”¯ ”“ “sayings”¯ ”“ is the collection of Chinggis Khan’s dictums, which includes his thoughts, directions and decisions of both theoretical nature and those expressed regarding the specific events. “Yasa”¯ is in fact the code of affirmative laws, both civil and military, with the corresponding measures of punishment in case of failure to comply.

Today, the legislation of Chinggis Khan not only is out of force, but it is obscure to the modern Mongolians. Nevertheless, it played an enormous role in the being of the Empire and was serving a fundamental code of laws for the Mongolians for a long time, influencing all sides of their life and life of the conquered peoples.

One another achievement of Chinggis Khan was his support for trade and crafts. That presupposed the support for the merchants and artisans in their hard business of trade and craft. He was a clever man to early recognize the importance of trade and crafts for the Mongolian economic survival; thus he actively supported both spheres.

The Mongols “promoted inter-state relations through the so-called “Pax Mongolica” ”” the Mongolian Peace”¯.3 This term appeared due to the beneficial influence of the Mongolian conquest on social, cultural and economic sides of life of those people, conquered by the Mongol Empire. Pax Mongolica is also the period of relative peace, followed the Mongolian conquest. The invasions of Chinggis Khan promoted the interconnection between the West and the East ”“ from the Southeast Asia to the Eastern Europe. The Silk Road, going through Europe and Asia, was under control of the Mongol Empire and thus, it became a major transport main. Not only the physical goods travelled by The Silk Road, but the ideas, knowledge and technologies. The trade with the distant countries gave the Europeans circulating notes, deposit fees and insurance. It is during the Mongolian Peace that the achievements of the Islamic scientists in mathematics, astronomy and other studies penetrated into Africa, Eastern Asia and Europe.Ā  For instance, the technology of producing paper and printing came from China to Europe.

Thus, Chinggis Khan was truly a distinguished person ”“ an excellent conqueror, a patriot, and, what is the most important, a man, who understood the needs of his times and made a contribution to the world’s history that can be scarcely overestimated.

 

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