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Posted on April 29th, 2014, by

Influence of Partition of India, was apparent by the break of the government. Nevertheless, to save Delhi from the disorder, an Emergency Committee was established with 15 members. The main goal of the Emergency Committee was to discover the means of managing to improve the worsening situation in the city. The Committee worked by attempting to reinstate peace and rescuing the Capital from the chaos. Therefore, with the Committee’s effort, usual conditions had been reinstated in the city in two weeks. The feeling of anxiety among the Muslims disappeared. They could travel freely without any threat. So, the influence of partition counted huge destruction, the two-way relocation of refugees, and the failure of the government machinery.

Ties between Pakistan and India have preserved anxious ever since. At the boundary crossing at Wagah, where military forces face one another across an equipped border, Grand Trunk Road is today divided into two. In spite of a recent melt in relations, it remains extremely hard for Pakistanis and Indians to travel and vehicles are prohibited to pass. For the moment, Grand Trunk Road’s early role as the channel for individuals and everything they possess with them has come to the stop.

Independence and Population Exchanges

Punjab: Punjab comprised huge lands of eastern Pakistan and northern India. It was a heart of the ancient Indus Valley and after c. 1500 BCE the place of Aryan settlements. The area, occupied by the Indo-Aryans, has been governed by various ethnic groups. In 1947, it was divided between British India’s successor nations, Pakistan and India. The Pakistani Punjab today includes the bulk of the area. The Indian Punjab has been later also separated into the current Indian states of Punjab, Delhi, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh. Pakistani part covers an area of approximately 79,000 square miles, and the Indian State of Punjab is approximately 19,000 square miles. Punjabi is spoken by 90% of populace in Pakistani and 92% in Indian Punjab.

Bengal: Bengal was separated into two divided entities of the Eastern Bengal belonging to Pakistan and the West Bengal – to India. The East Bengal was called Eastern Pakistan, and became the self-governing state of Bangladesh after the Liberation War.

Sindh: Hindu Sindhis would have stayed in Sindh following the separation of India, if it were not for the aggression that occurred when huge numbers of Urdu speaking Muslims began moving into Sindh. They started to assault the Hindu populace. Before the declaration of the separation, there were 1,400,000 Hindu Sindhis in the inherited land Sindh. Nevertheless, in less than one year 1,200,000 Hindus Sindhis fled the homes, leaving with the clothes on the bodies.

Previously, there had been some slight clashes occasionally, but, as a rule, Muslim and Hindu Sindhis lived together without too much tension. Whilst some Muslim Sindhis celebrated at the leaving of the rich, Hindu neighbors as they thought they would get from their leaving, lots of Muslim Sindhis, actually, assisted Hindu Sindhis in escaping to India and protected them from non-Sindhi Muslim crowds. The destiny of Hindu Sindhis was awful. Whilst the majority of them had been wealthy in the homeland, they became homeless and took refuge in the others parts of India, existing in poverty and scarcity.

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