Arab world reflects the Arab countries in the Middle East and North Africa, as well as members of the Arab League and have Arabic as an official of the country in East Africa. The Arab world consists of 23 countries with a total population of about 345 million people. The Arab world refers to the set of countries that speak Arabic and that are distributed geographically from the Atlantic Ocean, the west the Arabian Sea to the east and the Mediterranean Sea, north of the Horn of Africa, to the northeastern Indian Ocean, according to Facts about Arabs.
The sense of Arab nationalism emerged in the second half of the nineteenth century, along with other nationalisms within the Ottoman Empire. “The Arab League was formed in 1945 to represent the interests of the Arabs, and especially for the exercise of political unification of the Arab world, a project known as the pan-Arabism”¯, according to Facts about Arabs. Today, the Arab states are characterized by autocratic and its lack of democratic control. Popular protests in the Arab world in late 2010 and early 2011 are directed against authoritarian governments and political corruption, combined with the requirement for more democratic rights.buy essay
The term “Arab”¯ has different interpretations and characteristics. Individuals with little or no direct ancestry from the Arabian Peninsula could identify as Arabs or be considered, in part because of their language of origin. This identity, however, is disputed by many people from non-Arab, the Arab League, a regional organization of countries designed to fit the Arab world, defines an Arab: “An Arab is a person whose language is Arabic, who lives in an Arabic speaking country and that is in sympathy with the aspirations of the Arabic speaking peoples”¯, as stated in The Arab World.
Pan-Arabism ”“ is the socio-political movement aimed at consolidating the Arab peoples of the Middle East. Pan-Arabism began in the early XX century, when much of the Arab world were in a colonial dependency of the Ottoman Empire, and then – the European powers. The cradle of pan-Arabism was the Arabian Peninsula. In 1917, Sharif of Mecca Husayn ibn Ali, founded the kingdom of the Hejaz Arabs united with its capital in Jeddah, which was the heir to Saudi Arabia. In the wake of Arab solidarity took place as a struggle for the independence of North Africa after the Second World War. In 1958 Egypt and Syria established a United Arab Republic, but the controversy led to the leaders of the state not existed, as described in Pan- Arabism.
Pan-Arab ideology was professed by some political parties, in particular, the Baath (Arab socialism). Among the most prominent figures of the pan-Arab movement include Gamal Abdel Nasser, Hafez al-Assad, Saddam Hussein, Yasser Arafat, Muammar Gaddafi.