In the current essay we will address how theories that have been studied in this class are found in Lembcke’s The Spitting Image, discuss key issues raised by Lembcke, and we will also compare Jerry Lembcke’s book to other sociologists Emile Durkheim, Karl Marx, Max Weber, Jean Jacques Rousseau and Adam Smith.
“Spitting Image: Myth, memory and legacy of Vietnam in 1998”¯ is the book of the sociologist Jerry Lembcke. The book argues that the common claim that U.S. “soldiers were spat upon and insulted by anti-war protests upon returning home from the war in Vietnam”¯, is an urban legend in order to discredit the antiwar movement. The book Lembcke argues further that the post-traumatic stress disorder is a socially-constructed diagnostic category that degrades the image of Vietnam veterans, and has shown another way to discredit the many veterans in the antiwar movement. Lembcke writes that there is a discrediting movement against the war foreshadowed the strengthening of Hermann Goering in the back of a myth, after the defeat of Germany in Europe in 1918, according to The Spitting Image: Myth, Memory and the Legacy of Vietnam.
As a fact, Lembcke’s discussions of the issues are shaped by the social theories developed by the classical social theorists Smith, Rousseau, Durkheim, Weber, and Marx. Considering the comparison of Jerry Lembcke’s book to other sociologists Emile Durkheim, Karl Marx, Max Weber, Jean Jacques Rousseau and Adam Smith, it can be said that there are many contradictive issues that can be discussed. Lembcke used theories of Emile Durkheim, Karl Marx and Max Weber to show his attitude and to describe the events in the book.buy essay
The problem of social solidarity ”“ is one of the central problems in the work of Durkheim. Social solidarity – the main power, cement and unite the society that creates a public entity. It arises as a logical consequence of the social division of labor, that is, socialization, and the distribution of people by occupation. “Social fact”¯, by definition of Durkheim, is any course of action, clearly defined or not, but is able to exert external pressure on the individual and has at the same time, its own existence independent of him. At birth, the individual finds a ready-made laws and customs, rules of conduct, religious beliefs and rituals, language, monetary system, operating independently of him. These images of thoughts, actions and feelings exist independently, objectively. Among Protestants suicides happen more often than among Catholics, unmarried males commit suicide more often than married; suicides among the military than among civilians, in peacetime, the number of suicides is greater than during the wars and revolutions, in periods of economic prosperity and fall of suicide occur more frequently than in periods of economic stability; suicide more in urban than in rural areas. Thus, the study of suicide, by Ć‰mile Durkheim is an example of social theory, as it focuses attention on a particular aspect of society. Sociological theory, however, the theory would be compatible with all the partial theories that have been verified, hence such a theory is an objective to achieve.
It should be noted that this also occurs in the field of theoretical physics, where there are several partial theories, with limited scope, while seeking the “theory of everything”¯, a general theory and justifies linking the various theories that have been private verified.
Development of ideas and practical implications of the work of Karl Marx once again show that the results are often at odds with the goals that are set himself by a thinker. Practical implications of Marx’s works are great, but how little they correspond to genuine reasons, shows that at the end of his career, he claimed that he was “not a Marxist.”¯ At the same time, ideas and scientific apparatus Marx remain a huge untapped potential.