“Organizational politics is an inescapable and intrinsic reality. Organizational politics is so intricately woven with management system that relationships, norms, processes, performance and outcomes are hugely influenced and affected by it”ť.
The most common cause of political conflict is the unequal position occupied by people in society, the discrepancy between the expectations, intentions and practical actions of people, the incompatibility of the claims of the parties with limited opportunities to meet them., The main question in the conflict – who is this and how to manage resources in whose had the power, allowing one group to manage the activities of others.
In the management of political conflict is important to take into account the stage of its formation and development. Political conflict does not occur immediately. The reasons for his mount, very long time to ripen. Objectively existing contradictions may lead to a conflict only if their awareness of stakeholders (leaders, parties, groups, etc.). Future conflict arises in an atmosphere of tension between the opposition parties which indicates the presence of the matter in dispute and competition, different positions. This is the stage of conflict. At this stage it is important to identify the true causes of conflict, thus reveal a contradiction that lies at its core, to establish certain norms and rules of interaction between the parties. Such an analysis can contribute to the introduction of the conflict in the framework to monitor its progress and development.
Stage of development of political conflict is characterized by the manifestation of the forces supporting the conflicting parties, or opposing them. Become apparent boundaries of the conflict, its intensity and tension. There is particularly high voltage conflicts over values associated with morality, notions of honor and dignity. The effectiveness of the authorities’ actions during the conflict is determined by their ability to legitimate means to ensure a reduction of tension in relations between the parties, and twist them to reconcile the positions.
In political conflicts, it is important to take into account the type of political leaders. “Leadership style is the manner and approach of providing direction, implementing plans, and motivating people”ť. Leaders can be either authoritarian (autocratic) or participative (democratic) or delegative (free reign).
Stage of the conflict – the most difficult phase, as a result of the end of the confrontation depends on a new alignment of forces in society. Two variants of the conflict: reconciliation between the parties or their intransigence that is an irreconcilable conflict. Reconciliation, in turn, may be in the nature of full or partial settlement of the conflict. Conflict can be resolved by itself, for example, due to loss of relevance of subject matter, the fatigue of participants, resource depletion, etc.