There were existed many people who contributed to the development of our society and who made human life better. History really knows quite a number of people who were able to change the world, but only a few of them carried the spirit, so alien to the principles which ruled in the world that these people seemed to other people a kind of aliens from another world. Thus, the personality of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, the outstanding leader of the national liberation movement of India, a thinker, a political and social activist, was chosen as an object of our discussion; and the main aim of the speech is to consider Gandhi as a person, who has changed the world; to try to figure out the ways how his beliefs, the internal settings and outlook influenced the socio-political activities of individual countries and the world at large.
At the beginning, it is important to state that a person, well-known as Mahatma Gandhi, was a prominent leader and ideologist of the national liberation movement of India. His philosophy of non-violence under the title Satyagraha greatly impacted on national and international movement of supporters of peaceful change. Thus, it is necessary to state that Mahatma Gandhi rejected violence in any form and people loved this person for his great desire to make the world better by his non-violent activities.
Exploring the life of Mahatma Gandhi, we can mention that he constantly preached the own philosophy for over than thirty years, and eventually, he proved the effectiveness of non-violent politics to the whole world, when India peacefully gained its independence from Britain through his efforts in 1947. Of course, the independence played a great role in the development of India, but negative consequences also had their place in the country because cruel fighting broke out between religious groups for the right to dictate the own will to the government almost immediately after the declaration of independence.
Being more specific, we can add that the name Mahatma means the “Great soul”¯ (Weinberg, 2011). This title reveals the essence of Gandhi’s actions in the best way. He enjoyed great trust among Indians (irrespective of caste and religion); thousands of people came to him for help and advice, and they got this help from their spiritual leader. Moreover, Gandhi’s name is surrounded by the same reverence, which people give to the names of saints in India nowadays. Mahatma Gandhi, being the spiritual leader of the nation, fought all his life against the ravaging his country of religious strife, against violence, but in his later years he fell a victim of the violence.
To persuade the audience in the necessity to explore the personalities of prominent people, and to construct the speech of tribute in Gandhi’s honor, it is good to emphasize on the fact that the study of this issue is necessary in order to show how eternal and immutable verities are important, while their author was a man, whose name was the “Great Soul.”¯ There are no doubts that new age, as well as the past age, despite the huge number of new trends and tastes of the difference of two different generations, also brings the issue of violence, and is also concerned about the violence. And this is the place where the stumbling block is situated; moreover, our reality forced us to remember the great ideas of the “Great Soul,”¯ when Gandhi said that a main means of struggle against violence is non-violence, as paradoxically it may sound.