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Posted on April 23rd, 2014, by

In actuality, the negative impact of human activities on the natural environment leads to the irrevocable changes, such as the global climate change. Naturally, in such a situation, the society grows more and more concerned with the protection of the natural environment and minimization of human activities in nature. Contemporary technologies allow increasing the effectiveness of the protection of the natural environment and enhancing the balanced and harmonious interaction between humans and nature. However, technologies alone are not enough for the effective prevention of environmental problems and minimization of the negative impact of human activities on the natural environment. In this regard, the development of new approaches to planning and management of communities, urban areas and natural resources are crucial for the protection of environment and minimization of the negative impact of humans on the natural environment. In actuality, the blue and green infrastructure planning, the low impact development, and the community-wide wildland and urban interface policy are key elements of environment-friendly policies that contribute to balancing ecosystems, protecting natural environment, and minimization of the negative impact of human activities on the wildlife.

The blue and green infrastructure planning comprises natural features on the land, such as forests, wildlife, habitat, or wetlands, or in the water, such as anadromous fish use areas, oyster reefs, or underwater grass beds, that are critical to maintaining ecosystem and human health and survival. The blue and green infrastructure planning includes networks of natural lands, working landscapes and other open spaces that conserve ecosystem values and provide benefits for the human population. At the same time, the blue and green infrastructure planning helps to maintain the balance in the ecosystem and decrease the negative impact of human activities on the natural environment.

In such a way, the blue and green infrastructure planning focuses on the development of the land and water resources and development. The blue and green infrastructure planning allows communities to develop the infrastructure and build up urban areas taking into consideration the ecosystem, land and water resources. The blue and green infrastructure planning helps to plan accurately the urban and technological development that leads to the minimization of the negative impact of human activities on natural resources. In this regard, the blue and green infrastructure planning interacts closely with the low impact development strategy because the latter also focuses on the effective management of stormwater and water resources.

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