As for the testing procedures among Caribbean students, the statistics (source???? Which statistics) says that teachers in Canada often underestimate the abilities of some Caribbean students considering that academic achievements of such students are overshadowed by the problems with their behaviour in classroom. And most teachers even do not expect Caribbean students to succeed during tests. It causes prejudiced test evaluation. As a result, the papers submitted by Caribbean students rarely get high marks, while white students are much more likely to achieve a high level in education.
According to the research of Simmons and Plaza (1997), discrimination in Canadian schools is likely to prevent Caribbean students to proceed with their education. Thus, in Toronto, such discrimination represents an obstacle for Caribbean students to move further to post-secondary education. Caribbean students are considered to be less likely to have completed university education than white Canadians. On the other hand, they are more likely to have finished their education in colleges and technical institutions than white Canadian students. This difference is explained by a great number of contradictory issues on this matter. And this statistics does not reveal the full impact of racial discrimination on education of Caribbean students.
The level of illiteracy in the Caribbean area equals to two percent of the whole population(Source????). It is not surprising that there are a great number of Caribbean immigrants in Canada who wish to receive better education than in their native country. Better educational opportunities are therefore a major factor of immigration of Caribbean people to Canada. The level of education of Caribbean immigrants, however, has greatly decreased over the years (Source???). Entering schools in Canada, Caribbean students often face difficulties in getting used to a less-structured educational system in comparison with the Caribbean system. These differences are revealed in teaching styles and social relations between students and teachers.
The problem dealing with racism and social discrimination is evaluated as the most considerable factor interfering with educational progress of students from the Caribbean region (Magocsi, 1999). The troubles start from the very beginning of the educational process. Caribbean students are considered to be slow learners. This stereotype prevents Caribbean students from showing their true talents in the classroom. There are also certain subtle forms of racist behaviour revealed in the curriculum of most Canadian schools along with the absence of black studies in the formal curriculum. (What does black people have to do with the people with Caribbean origina?) Besides, there is a problem of Caribbean parents not understanding the educational system in Canadian schools. It results in the appearance of subcultures based on certain cultural aspects. Caribbean students tend to form such subcultures in order to show their identity and difference from white students in response to racial discrimination towards themselves.
In conclusion, despite a great variety of issues on the topic of racial discrimination of Caribbean students in Canadian schools, most of these issues remain contradictory. The above research has analyzed a few of the Canadian studies on the matter. It is important to conclude that in spite of certain measures taken by Educational Ministries in the establishment of anti-racism policies, their implementation is a long-lasting process. Nowadays, racism still remains a problem in the educational sphere of Canada. Canadian teachers are also faced with certain difficulties dealing with the increasing diversity in schools and new requirements in the teaching process. In order to avoid racism in schools, teachers should be open-minded and develop a will to learn more about other cultures as well as respect ethnical diversity. Many schools in Canada experience changes in the formal curriculum in order to make it easier for Caribbean students as well as other ethnicities to receive education.