All students are different as are different all people. Nevertheless, in spite of the uniqueness of each individual and each students, it is possible to distinguish basic characteristics which make some people similar to each other. For instance, psychologists distinguish several types of character which are typical for different groups of people, such as choleric, sanguine, or phlegmatic. All these types of character are quite different but those people who have the same time are more likely to behave in the similar way. In this respect, it is possible to speak about certain similarities and differences between students which become evident at the process of their study for exams. Basically, it is possible to group students on the basis of their types of character.
In fact, it proves beyond a doubt that practically all students have their own “theory”¯ how they have to study for exam. Nevertheless, it is possible to estimate that phlegmatic students are quite similar in their manner of studying for exam. To put it more precisely, as a rule, phlegmatic students are extremely concerned with their study and they pay a lot of attention to academic activities and preparation for the exam (Noga, 177). As a result, phlegmatic student spend more time on studying and drilling the material they have to learn than any other type of student. It is important to underline that such students are very concentrated on their study and they are very practical in their study. What is meant here is the fact that often phlegmatic students have a definite system which they apply in the learning process which helps to systematize their knowledge of the subject before they pass the exam.
In this respect, students, who tend to have sanguine inclinations, are absolutely different. They are more concerned with entertainment than with their study or upcoming exam. They will not spend a lot of time while studying for exam as phlegmatic students do. Instead, they would rather go to a party or have some fun than learn the material they need to know for their exam. These students are very emotional and they do not really care about their exams or whether they pass their exams or not (Noga, 194). At least, they pretend to be careless.
Hence, when they study for their exam, if they study, they do it in the last moment. For instance, they can start learning at the moment when the exam will be in a couple of days.
As for choleric students, they are less careless than sanguine and more rational as phlegmatic. Nevertheless, they are different from both groups of students discussed because they are self-assured and often they believe they know everything. They have a high self-esteem which makes them convinced in their ability to pass any test or exam (Helminen, 149). As a rule, they do not feel nervous before exams as sanguine can do, but they are not as much study-concentrated as phlegmatic do. Instead, they study for their exam, but they view the study as a part of their normal life. They are never totally involved in studying, but they to balance entertainment and study. Therefore, such students can choose whether to entertain or to study on the ground of their personal interests. In other words, they do what they believe is more important for them at the moment.
Thus, the diversity of students’ approaches to study for their exam often correlates to the diversity of their characters and personal inclinations.