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Posted on April 23rd, 2014, by

In fact, the low impact development is an approach to land development that works with nature to manage stormwater as close to its source as possible. The low impact development complements the blue and green infrastructure planning because, in addition to the accurate planning and management of land and water resources, the low impact development focuses on the management of stormwater to prevent its negative impact on the urban infrastructure and facilities as well as on the natural environment. Moreover, the low impact development strategy opens large opportunities for the use of the stormwater as an extra source of the water that can be used for economic needs of humans or for their daily, regular needs.

The low impact development focuses on such principles as preserving and recreating natural landscape features, minimizing effective imperviousness to create functional and appealing site drainage that treats stormwater as a resource rather than a waste product. The preservation and recreation of natural landscape features meets the concept of the blue and green infrastructure planning because the low impact development contributes to the management of landscapes and water resources in terms of the blue and green infrastructure planning. The development of effective drainage systems helps to manage water resources and to minimize the negative impact of human activities on natural environment. For instance, the drainage system helps to use the stormwater instead of the freshwater for farming or industrial processing. Therefore, the low impact development complements the blue and green infrastructure planning.

At the same time, to implement key principles of the low impact development, many technologies and practices have been implemented, including bioretention facilities, rain gardens, vegetated rooftops, rain barrels, and permeable pavements. These technologies help to manage the manage water resources and to protect the natural environment from the negative impact of human activities.

The low impact development contributes to the consistent reduction of the impact of built and urban areas on the natural environment. In addition, the low impact development promotes the natural movement of water within the ecosystem or watershed. Therefore, the low impact development enhances the blue and green infrastructure planning policy because the low impact development reduces the negative impact of urban areas on the nature and helps communities to develop environment-friendly and efficient policies because the low impact development allows using stormwater for economic needs of humans. For instance, the stormwater can be used for irrigation and for the development the effective water management system.

Along with the blue and green infrastructure planning and the low impact development strategy, contemporary communities develop the community-wide wildland and urban interface policy. The community-wide wildland and urban interface policy focuses on the development of the safe development of urban communities and natural environment. The community-wide wildland and urban interface policy focuses on the interruption of the spread of wildlife occurrences and the negative impact of humans on the natural environment. In this regard, the prevention of fires is one of the essential elements of the community-wide wildland and urban interface policy.

The community-wide wildland and urban interface policy involves the use of atmospheric generated water grassland and vegetation sprinkling and soaking systems help to maintain the balance within the ecosystem and to prevent the wildlife from the negative impact of humans and occurrence of such emergencies as fires. The community-wide wildland and urban interface policy focuses on the preservation of the natural environment and protection of the natural environment from the possible negative impact of human activities. Therefore, community-wide wildland and urban interface policy enhances the blue and green infrastructure planning and the low impact development because this policy facilitates the protection of the natural environment and protects nature from emergency cases, which may be destructive for the nature.

Thus, taking into account all above mentioned, it is important to place emphasis on the fact that contemporary environmental planning and policies are very important because the growing negative impact of human activities on the natural environment may lead to consistent and irrevocable changes such as the global climate change. Therefore, the implementation and promotion of environmental planning and policies, such as the community-wide wildland and urban interface policy, the blue and green infrastructure planning, or the low impact development are essential for the environmental protection.

 

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