The Constitution of the United States
The main topic of my paper is the Constitution of the United States as it is understandable from the title of the paper.
Moreover, before we proceed to the consideration of the constitution, we should be sure to note what is the constitution and how its meaning is understand in the word. Therefore, the constitution is the basic law of any constitutional state of the world, which determines the political and social structure, procedure and principles of education of public authorities, the electoral system, fundamental rights and duties of citizens.
The Constitution of the United States is one of the “oldest” from the written constitution currently in force, and the “oldest” constitution from the generated at the national level. Basic Law of the United States was created in the “new” country on the territory of the former British colonies and had not met the resistance of traditional structures that existed in these areas. The United States were originally a nation of immigrants, a factor that influenced on their economic and political life to the early twentieth century. I would like to discuss in this paper the original structure of the federal government and the first ten amendments to the constitution, because they allow to find answers on other important questions through the body of this paper and be professional in judgments.
As it was previously mentioned, the Constitution of the United States is the main instrument and it will be better to say that Constitution is even central instrument of American government that at the same time is considered the supreme law of the land. It has provided as the basis for social progress and political stability, for individual and country’s freedom, for economic development and evolution of different governmental institutions about 200 years.
Today it is considered good model for establishing constitutional changes in other countries and according to statistical data presented by Gordon we see that the Constitution owes its staying power to its simplicity and flexibility. Originally designed in the late 18th century to provide a framework for governing 4 million people in 13 very different states along America’s Atlantic coast, its basic provisions were so soundly conceived that, with only 27 amendments, it now serves the needs of more than 260 million Americans in 50 even more diverse states that stretch from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific. (Gordon, 1999)
It is necessary to quote in this part of the paper words from the Preamble to the Constitution of the United Stated, because exactly these words are in the heart of every American and due to these words Americans believe in the power of their government and in their country in the wide sense of this word. We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America. (The Constitution of the United States)
Saying about the basic structure of the United States government as set forth in the constitution we see that the Constitution of the United States set forth a government composed of three branches: the legislative, executive, and judicial. Each branch of the Constitution has its own powers and this system is well-known as checks and balances, because it allows to control all governmental branches and at the same time no one branch usurped a dangerous amount of power. I think that exactly the system checks and balances help to be democratic and free in judgments and in problem’s solution, it is also protect governmental circles against despotism and corruption.
For example, according to Woll we see that The Constitution set forth a form of federalism that balanced the authority of the state and national governments. The state legislatures would elect the members of the Senate, as well as select delegates to the Electoral College, which selected the President. Furthermore, the Constitution could be amended by a vote in favor of amendment by three-fourths of the state legislatures. The writers of the Constitution intended to increase the power of the national government, but they were wary of taking too much power from the states. (Woll, 1991)