Today, the modern health care system raises a number of problems, among which the accessibility of health care services becomes one of the major challenges to the modern society. In actuality, many people are deprived of an opportunity to receive health care services of the high quality, while the benefits of modern health care system are available only to those people who have health insurance, while the rest of the society cannot afford health insurance and, therefore, they cannot afford treatment if they have any serious disease. In such a situation, children from low-income families are particularly vulnerable since their parents cannot afford treatment of children suffering from serious diseases, such as cancer, for instance. Hence, it is necessary to research the problem of the availability, or lack of availability, of health care services to children from low-income families and find solutions which can save lives of these children and allow them lead a normal life, regardless of their health problems.
In fact, the position of children from low-income families is defined by the social status and opportunities of their families (Rae, 199). It is because of the lack of money they cannot improve their life, but, on the other hand, it is necessary to underline that the life of children living in poverty may be even worse if they have some health problems. In this respect, it should be said that as children from low-income families are deprived of educational opportunities so are they deprived of healthcare services (Chambers and Wedel, 153). It is not a secret that about one fifth of American population does not have insurance and, therefore, they cannot receive healthcare services. In relation to children, the situation is very dangerous because if their parents cannot afford insurance, any serious illness may be a serious threat to their future and even their life.
Obviously, without insurance, these children cannot receive healthcare services they need. Naturally, the government has developed and implemented various programs such as Medicaid and S-CHIP, which improved the situation due to the state support of low-income families and children. Nevertheless, such programs cannot really solve the problem of the lack of healthcare services of the high quality which are of a paramount importance for children because any problems in their health can affect dramatically their development and, therefore, a serious disease puts under a threat the future of these children if they do not receive healthcare services of the high quality and, as rule they do not (Ross, 295).
In such a way, children from low-income family are in consistently worse position than children from the middle- or upper-class families that proves the enormous gap in opportunities between children representing different socio-economic classes in the US (Spicker, 311). However, until now, there are no effective solutions, which could close the gap between children from low-income families, on the one hand, and children from middle- and upper-class families. Such a situation is very dangerous since a considerable of population turns out to be in an inferior position compared to the majority and cannot benefit from health care services of the high quality.
In this respect, it is obvious that the problem of the availability of health care services for children from low-income families cannot be solved without the support of the state (Chambers and Wedel, 164). Even though, there exist charitable organizations and public non-profit organization supporting children from low-income families and developing special programs to fund their treatment, but their efforts are insufficient since they are mainly selective, while the problem needs to be solved en mass. What is meant here is the fact that it is impossible to help a few children and left aside all the others. Instead, the state should create opportunities for all children from low-income families to get treatment they need either free of charge or at costs affordable for their parents.
Obviously, the development of state programs should be oriented on the enlargement of health insurance opportunities for low-income families. In addition, the state can subsidize the programs which aim at the assistance to children from low-income families, who suffer from serious diseases. For instance, the state can subsidize health centers specialized on the treatment of cancer in children from low-income families.
Thus, in conclusion, it is important to stress the importance of the research of the availability of health care service to children from low-income families and focus on the search of solutions, which could close the gap between these children and children from middle- and upper-class families.