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Posted on April 2nd, 2012, by

I would like to begin my paper from the words  On August 6 and 9, 1945, the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were destroyed by the first atomic bombs used in warfare.  It was hard decision to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, but governmental representatives decided to do it and due to this fact we will talk about that event in our paper. In my opinion it is one of the most terrible tragedies of humanity and even through many years we remember it and can discuss it only with a great pain in our heart.

It is disputable question about necessity of bombing Hiroshima, because it took away people’s lives, many people’s lives and it took away future from people who died during bombing and received hard diseases. Some researchers proclaim that the bombing was really necessary to end World War II and they have strong arguments in relate to their positions defending. Disputes about necessity to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima with an aim to protect the world have the six decades history. Different kinds of people have own attitude to this question and one group of people really convinced that bombing of Hiroshima was necessary step that allowed to compel Japan to capitulate, rescue hundreds of the thousands of American lives and sheathe the World War II. But this question like any historical fact has its opponents and they with conviction say that erect atomic bombardment of the Japanese cities was wrong decision and the big crime against people and against the whole humanity. According to Wainstock we can say that The greatest degree, incandescence of the passions attained ten years ago, when in Washington, the exhibition of “Enola Gay”, carrying unreserved conviction of “American soldiery” and causing “cynicism and complete absence of patriotism” indignant protest for the supporters of other look to history, was opened in Smithsonian Institute. (Wainstock, 1996)

In my opinion it was right decision to erect the atomic bomb on Japan, because there were no other variations to stop the war and save millions of people’s lives. Yes, it is true that bombing of Hiroshima took away thousands of innocuous victims, but it saved life to millions people.

To the moment of atomic bombardment the area of city of Hiroshima made about 26² miles, from them only 7 were fully built-up. There were not the obviously selected commercial, industrial and dwellings quarters. 75% of population lived in a densely built-up district in a center of the city. Unique hill in east part of city near half mile in length and 221 foot in a height in some degree hindered distribution of destructions, other city was fully unscreened from the atomic bomb. Frankly speaking, Hiroshima had an important military value. The staff of second army was disposed in it, by the getting busy defensive of all South Japan. A city was a command center, trans-shipment and collapsible point for troops. According to a report from Japan there can be more than thousands times from the moment of beginning of war Hiroshima’s habitants accompanied sailing from moorage troops with screaming “Banzai!” There was a row of both reinforced-concrete and easy buildings in a center. Space out of center of the city was overcrowded with little wooden workshops among the great number of the Japanese cottages; a few large productions were not far away from the outskirts of city. Houses were wooden with the tiled roofs. Great number of industrial buildings was also with framework timber-works. Wholly a city presented an easy booty for a fire. All these components show us that Hiroshima was necessary center for Japan troops and it explained us why exactly this city was chosen for the bombardment.

There are many work of literature are dedicated to the awful event that had a place in 1945 and among one of them we should talk about the poem Welcome to Hiroshima written by Mary Jo Salter. I was really impressed by this poem and its phrase:

in questions of bad taste, how re-created

horror mocks the grim original,

and thinking at last They should have left it all

you stop. This is the wristwatch of a child.

It shows us that we should always remember abut the tragedy and avoids such tragedies in future, because wars and bombardment are the pain for every nation and every country, for the whole world. As it was mentioned in the beginning of the paper, there were many people who were against bombing and debates about inscription on the monument go not alone decade. The USSR and the Japanese left forces were also indignant concerning a word “error”. The atomic bombardment of Hiroshima, they declared, it is needed to name not differently as by the barbarian crime of American imperialism. It coincided paradoxical appearance with reasoning of Japanese right – they do not acknowledge responsibility of the country for decoupling of World War II on the Pacific Ocean. And, accordingly, they also consider the atomic blow to Hiroshima by a crime. Local liberals reason otherwise: not once led to hear words that guilt for Hiroshima in a great deal lies on the Japanese militarists, pulling in a country into the war.

In this part of the paper it is necessary to return to the question about the sense of the atomic bombarding. Preparing for this paper writing and looking through different information I should say that there is no a final answer on a question about that, whether there was military sense in nuclear bombardment of Hiroshima. The USSR and its like-minded persons assured that the atomic blow of August, 6, 1945 in any way did not have accelerated completion of war and been undertaken only in an order to intimidate the world a new weapon. Tokyo, as became firmly established, however capitulated after entering of the USSR into war on the Far East.

With it, naturally, Americans do not agree. From data of questioning, conducted at the beginning of June by the agencies of news of The Associated Press and Kiodo Tsusin, 68% citizens of the USA are sure that bombardments of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were needed for the quickest stopping of the World War II. Opinion is yet more widespread that nuclear shots were rescued by the enormous amount of American soldiers, as satisfied Tokyo of senselessness of resistance. The true is herein: all war on the Pacific islands Japanese bitterly resisted to the last man: on Saypane, for example, tailings of the raided garrison with screaming “banzai!” rushed with bayonets and swords in the last attack on the American machine guns, when cartridges ended. And all of them perished. On Okinawa Japanese soldiery not only were blown up the last grenades but also compelled to accomplish mass suicides of peaceful habitants, “not give up to the enemy”. According to official information Washington had all grounds to suppose that the yet greater nightmare of total folk war will wait landing of the USA on basic territory of Japan. From this point of view, certainly, the atomic bombardment on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, maybe, rescued hundreds of thousands of lives.

Using archive materials we should mark out Truman’s words taken from his speech, August 9, 1945: The world will note that the first atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, a military base. That was because we wished in this first attack to avoid, insofar as possible, the killing of civilians. But that attack is only a warning of things to come. If Japan does not surrender, bombs will have to be dropped on her war industries and, unfortunately, thousands of civilian lives will be lost. I urge Japanese civilians to leave industrial cities immediately, and save themselves from destruction. (Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: Harry S. Truman, Containing the Public Messages, Speeches and Statements of the President April 12 to December 31, 1945)

Thus, based on all above said information it is possible to come to the conclusion that the atomic bombing was necessary step that helped to put an end to the World War II. And in acknowledgment of my words we can quote the words of Japanese minister who said that the atomic bombardment completed war, and it was impossible to avoid it.

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