It can be said that the central place in the current Italian immigration policy has Bossi-Fini law, which was adopted on July 30, 2002. This law is governing the status of the immigrants on the Italian territory; also, it covers the matter of deportation. In particular, a Prefect of the Province, where it is traced the illegal immigrants should immediately report to the police, which in turn should accompaniment to the border the illegal immigrants. Illegal immigrants without valid identity documents are taken to detention centers set up by the Turkish-Napolitano law, in order to be identified. The law provides for the issuing of residence permits to persons, who prove to have a job for their maintenance or loss. The law also allows the rejection to the country of origin in high seas, on the basis of bilateral agreements between Italy and neighboring countries, which commit the police of those countries to cooperate in the prevention of illegal immigration.
Without any doubts, Bossi-Fini law is one of the most stringent documents in the Italian legislation on illegal immigration. However, in my opinion, it is fully justified. As you can see, the flow of illegal immigrants in Italy not only stops, but continues to grow. Consequently, authorities have to adopt more strict laws and legislation acts with the aim to control the situation. In my opinion, Italy should continue to strengthen its immigration policy. As a matter of fact, Italy has relatively small territory (301 230 sq.km.), but its population already exceeds 60 million people. With this regard, I think Italy should adopt the experience of Scandinavian countries, in particular Norway. I am talking about significant tightening of conditions for obtaining Italian citizenship. For example, a woman can pretend for Italian citizenship if she had married with Italian citizens not less than 10 years and have two common children. Moreover, I propose to develop a legislative mechanism, according to which immigrants without Italian citizenship can not pretend to the same salary level.
To sum it up I would like to say that currently Italy faces serious problem ”“ the growing flow of immigration. It should be noted that immigration to Italy is a relatively recent phenomenon, which began to reach significant size, roughly in the early 70-ies of the XX century. Before that Italy was an emigration country. Currently, Italy is trying in every possible way to contain the influx of immigrants. There have been taken a few steps, that created a legal framework to regulate this issue. The central roles in this issue have a Bossi-Fini law and Turkish-Napolitano law. Moreover, Italy has a number of bilateral agreements with other countries, which covers immigration issue.
In my opinion, Italy should continue to strengthen its immigration policy with the aim to control the situation. I think Italy should adopt the experience of Scandinavian countries, in particular Norway and significant tighten the conditions for obtaining Italian citizenship. Also, I propose to develop a legislative mechanism, according to which immigrants without Italian citizenship can not pretend to the same salary level.