Considering the history, in the XVII century, about 175,000 British immigrated in colonial America. More than half of all European immigrants in colonial America during the 17 and 18 centuries have come as servants. In the mid-nineteenth century, the inflow was mainly from Northern Europe in the early twentieth century – mostly from Southern and Eastern Europe after 1965, mainly from Latin America and Asia.
Native Americans were the first human inhabitants of the Americas, having reached that continent during the Pleistocene, a series of migrations from Siberia to Alaska across a land bridge that had formed on what is now the Bering Strait. Nomadic peoples, these early immigrants spread across the continent over several thousand years.
The decimation of indigenous peoples was initiated by the action of the English colonists who began settling there in the seventeenth century. The Indians were forced to migrate westward. In the nineteenth century, the remnants of the Indians again clashed with the settlers who were expanding into the region. Today, there are living just 2.5 million Indians in the U.S.
Europe. British and other settlers. Europeans made up the bulk of immigration to the United States. This immigration began with the colonization of the country, even in the seventeenth century and lasted until mid-1970.
England lived a troubled time. The official religion was Anglican and, therefore, followers of various Protestant denominations began to be persecuted. The fencing of the fields also contributed to thousands of people to leave rural areas to cities, which were saturated. The solution to this crisis with religious overtones was economical in order to immigrate to North America. The first English colony successfully established in North America was Jamestown, Virginia in 1607. Pilgrims and Puritans settled in Massachusetts in the following years. Since then, thousands of protesters have moved there, giving rise to the region known as New England, the embryo for the formation of the Thirteen Colonies and, consequently, the United States of America. The English colonists in North America have formed an extremely religious society, which turned the efforts to religion. Illiteracy rates were lower than those found in Europe.
It should be noted that although sharing the same ethno-cultural origin, the inhabitants of the Thirteen Colonies did not have a unified national identity. This feeling only emerged some time later, with the Independence of the United States and solidify the end of the Civil War.
As the settlers multiplied, their migration to the West has expanded. French and Spanish territories were assimilated by the Americans, adding to the original Thirteen Colonies several new territories. Indian nations were being slaughtered to make room for this expansion. Colonies North was manufacturing, and urban self-employed. In turn, the Southerners were agrarian. Initially, it used compulsory labor of the white settler. However, the African slave would be the manpower within the predominant tobacco farms and cotton in the southern United States.
Due to the fleeing poverty and violent racism, many blacks left the South and migrated north from the United States, piling up in poor neighborhoods in inner cities. After the 1970s, programs to encourage racial and reaffirmation of the government have improved the economic life of many African-Americans, although still listed among the poorest in the U.S..
In the late nineteenth century, immigrants from northern and central Europe have been overcome by immigrants from southern Europe, mostly Italians. Between 1870 and 1980, 5.3 million Italians entered the United States, most of whom chose New York as a new address. In the same period reached 2 million people in Eastern Europe, almost all Poles, who were concentrated in the Chicago area. The Jews, almost all Europeans, were totaling 2 million immigrants between 1880 and 1924.
Italians, Irish and Poles suffered great prejudice on the part of the U.S. population of Anglo-Saxon, mainly because they are Catholics, in a country dominated by Protestant dogma. Moreover, they were considered “little whites”ť for German standards that hung in racist mentality of some. For Jews living together was even harder because they were considered an “inferior race”ť. The adaptation and integration into American culture was, consequently, difficult and painful.
Nordic immigrants arrived in large numbers. Approximately 1.5 million Swedes and Norwegians came between the nineteenth and twentieth century, settling several locations in the Midwest (North Dakota, South Dakota, Minnesota, etc.). Other minor immigrations arrived from all corners of Europe and Asia, including thousands of Chinese, Koreans, Filipinos and Indians.