Nowadays, international police cooperation in Europe plays an important role in the prevention, detection and investigation of many crimes, especially crimes that are related to the organized ones. Current activities of various international police organizations associated mostly with issues of public safety and terrorism, organized crime, illicit drug production and trafficking, arms smuggling, human trafficking, money laundering, financial and high tech crime and corruption.
International police cooperation should be viewed as one of the components of the states’ interaction in the fight against crime, which itself is an important part of international relations. Therefore, there is a need to study the problem of organizing international police cooperation in training of personnel.
Thus, this paper introduces the information on international police cooperation in Europe. It presents, discusses and explores the question how traditional management principles, roles, and skills affected by Koch’s proposals for international police cooperation in Europe.
Observing this theme, it is possible to say that international police cooperation is an independent activity, which is a system of international relations between the states, regulated by a set of legal norms of international law and national laws to control crime through law enforcement, including the substantial, legal, informational, methodological aspects at the strategic, tactical and operational levels.
Training of highly qualified personnel of police officers is the most important area of any state activity that ensures the implementation of law enforcement functions. Therefore, training of police officers is a priority for many countries all over the world.
The need for international cooperation in police training is due to several factors. Firstly, there is a need to teach police officers to deal with crimes of an international character and work in close international cooperation in the fight against crime. Today’s police need to know foreign languages, especially the legal systems of different countries, the foundations of international law.
Secondly, many countries need to reform and improve their national police training. When the state participates in international cooperation in police training, it has such a good opportunity to share information about new methods of teaching, and consequently, use them in order to train police officers, receive assistance from other countries and international organizations in training, as well as mutually improve modern techniques and tactics to combat crime. Thirdly, the issue of human rights in policing is gaining more and more international importance.
Due to the growing globalization of economic relations, global markets, police work and of course crime, people often have to act in different intercultural situations. That is why it is necessary to increase intercultural human resource management in order to improve international and cross-border police cooperation.
Supporting this point of view, Koch (1996) emphasized that “”¦in order to fight the international, organized crime, we badly need to increase the effectiveness of police cooperation in Europe”ť (Intercultural aspects of police cooperation section, para. 5).
Therefore, one of the main functions of policing is aimed at cooperating not only domestically, but also internationally “as law enforcement institutions engage in a variety of international activities and have forged international cooperative structures and organizations that aim to foster collaboration in the fight against crimes that are of an international nature”ť (Deflem, 2006, p. 241).