The article under consideration by Larry B. Silver
is taken from the National Information Center for Children with Disabilities, reprinted with permission from the Learning Disability Association of Montgomery County in Maryland. The article under consideration touches upon the problem of learning disabilities in children and youth, the problems which accompany them in the light of rooting out and understanding the key causes of a learning disability and classifying them for penetrating into the nature of the problems, detecting them proficiently and assisting in coping with them as effectively as possible.
2. The purpose of the article is to report about some of the most common learning disabilities that can cause reading problems and bring you up to date with the organizations that can provide you with the further instructions and assistance. It gives readers an opportunity to take an advantage of the expertise and help offered by those organizations listed as well as follow the competent guidance of the professionals providing readers with advice for objective detection of learning disabilities.
3-4. It runs through the whole article as a frontage line that learning disability develops for many different reasons, such as poor vision, hearing, emotional disturbance or mental retardation. It is found out that about ten or twenty per cent of youth have a neurologically-based disorder of the type called a learning disability. A closely interrelated problem is that they also have attention deficit disorder or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. As usual learning disabilities are lifelong conditions which demand peculiar care, understanding and assistance throughout grade school as well as beyond it.
The article presents a model made up of four stages of information processing applied to in learning. The learning disabilities can be classified by their effects on these stages which are input, integration, memory and output. What is paid peculiar attention to is evaluation of children who are at risk for a learning disability, according to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, Public Law. Various assessments including psychological one should be conducted. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act requires that school personnel develop an individualized education program for every student with disabilities. The guidance that students receive differs according to their capabilities and needs. To conduct successful treatment the nature of the phenomenon should be scrutinized, a child’s stress minimized and success experience maximized.
5. The article under consideration is topical in terms of the population with disabilities increase and the necessity of a learning disability timely detection. Readers are provided with vivid examples of each learning disability stage and ways to detect them in children, not to confuse a learning disability with anything else, due to intelligence quotient and achievement tests. The article provides readers with suggestions for parents in accordance with Independent Education Evaluation, it gives recommendations to encourage the development of an Individualized Education Program and see to it that appropriate accommodations, such as taped textbooks, reader and note taker use, etc. are available in class.
The author of the article also lists the agencies which may be contacted in case of necessity. However, it does not inform readers about current situation with accommodation and detailed learning disabilities’ causes detection as well as possible measures which can be taken to prevent the development of a learning disability. No substantial statistical data is given and the most successful techniques of coping with a learning disability are not mentioned.
6. Generally, the article is of considerable importance for penetrating into the key issues of a learning disability, it contributes to creating awareness of the juncture and puts readers in touch with practical advice for helping children and adults with learning disabilities as well as provides them with information on agencies dealing with disabilities.