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Posted on April 29th, 2014, by

The Partition of India in 1947, following the Second World War is probably the most disastrous of all political events to influence India in the history. The partition separated Muslims and Hindus, who had existed together for centuries. It led to eternal border disputes, three  struggles between two neighbors, a state sponsored terrorism and nuclear powered weapons race. In the result of this partition, a large populace exchange happened between the two newly-formed nations (India and Pakistan). Almost 14.5 million individuals crossed the limits – 7,226,000 Muslims moved to Pakistan from India whilst 7,249,000 Sikhs and Hindus came to India from Pakistan. Practically 5 millions remained in Punjab Pakistan and about 1.5 millions stayed in Sindh.

The thesis of this essay is that the partition of India promised its populace political liberty and a future free of some religious conflicts. In its place, the geographical separation brought about even larger split exposing many people to the overwhelming results. Thousands of females were raped. At least a million human beings were murdered and 15 million were forced to leave own houses, to exist as immigrants. It was the bleeding episode of decolonization in the 20th century.

Indian Perspective

The Partition was an extremely controversial agreement, and continues to be a reason of a huge anxiety on the subcontinent nowadays. Louis Mountbatten has been blamed in speeding up the process through. Also he is supposed to have impacted Radcliffe Awards in India’s support since everybody agreed that India could be a more attractive nation for most. Nevertheless, a commission took so long to make a decision on a last frontier that the two countries were granted the self-government before there was a distinct border between them. Even then, all members were so distressed at the achievement that they rejected the compensation for the time on a commission.

Some critics claim British speed followed by the cruelties of the Partition. As independence was stated before the real Partition, it was up to the novel administrations of Pakistan and India to keep the order. No large populace movements were studied; the plan called for defends for minorities on two sides of the novel state line. It was not a possible task, at which the nations failed. There was a total collapse of law and order; many passed away in rebellions, slaughter, or just from suffering of the flight to safety. What developed was one of the major populace movements in the history.

The declaration of Mountbatten Plan attempted to the end the public hostilities. However, the Muslim League in a Punjab region declared it would oppose any alteration in the speculative separation of a province. Consequently, the Sikhs launched a brutal counter-agitation, and this caused a hazardous situation counting the influence of partition of India. Congress leaders appealed to Sikh and Hindu minorities in Pakistan to face the circumstances courageously and to stay in the respective homes.

But after, the declaration of the Radcliffe Award oil, the campaign was initiated to send away the Sikhs and Hindus. Additionally, serious conflicts in the Lahore, Sialkot, Sheikhupura and Gujranwala districts began to evolve as the result of separation. The butchery was followed by an aggressive anti-Muslim response in Amritsar. Public turmoil engrossed the human beings on two sides of the boundary following by the sufferance of people in the nations.

Impact of Partition of India also gave rise to the problem of refugees. As many people celebrated the independence, over fourteen million people tried to cross quickly drawn boundaries in what became the major relocation in the history. Sikhs and Hindus fled to India, Muslims – to Pakistan. Grand Trunk Road and railway created beside it became the main paths along which the millions of people moved. They were the moments of some of the most horrible aggression – in the Punjab hundreds of thousands of human beings were killed. Many women were raped (Canadian Women’s Studies). Huge refugee camps were placed along the path as individuals gathered together for defense, or found themselves dispossessed in a novel state.

Influence of Partition also resulted in migration from the East Bengal. Hindus had to experience destitution and hardship. Actually, the trouble appeared when West Pakistan politicians established themselves in the East Bengal. Therefore, some people believe the course of action of the West Pakistan politicians was dependable for the migration of Hindus from the East Bengal.

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