The narrative essay is the story about events, incidents, actions. The organizing role in this form of verbal expression belongs to verbs, especially forms of past tense of a perfective aspect. They designate events consistently replacing each other, provide narrative expansion. Offers in a narrative, as a rule, don’t happen too long and difficult constructed. Expressive and graphic force of a narrative consists first of all in evident representation of actions, movements of people and the phenomena in time and space. Not casually researchers note more than once that Pushkin “cleans” from a narrative all minor, aspires to leave in the offer only a subject and predicate that the narrative was more live, more dynamic.
Narration, in the epic literary work, is a speech of the author or the personified story-teller, all text of work, except direct speech of characters.
The concept “narrative equipment”¯ is widely used in the theory of a narrative (narratology) and applied to designation of the sum of the narrative receptions used by the author at writing of literary works.
In effect, any narrative text tells any “history”¯. Thus, the history can or be stated consistently from the beginning and up to the end, or in a narrative there can be shifts of events. Admissions of events are possible also. On a course of a narrative memories of last events are possible, and hints on the future are possible.
Time demanded for a narrative, differently can correspond with time demanded for commission stories: to be it is less than it, to exceed or be leveled to it. Various combinations of ratios of specified two times form so-called narrative movements: pause, scene, summary and ellipsis. Certain rate of a narrative, and a ratio is peculiar to each such movement (or alternation) “movements”¯ creates a narrative rhythm.
The storyteller can speak more than the character knows, it is less or only that the character knows; events also can be stated from various temporary prospects (after an event fulfillment, during its fulfillment or before its fulfillment).
The story can state one of characters, or someone who is not accepting participations in operation. The character stating the story, can be either a protagonist, or the witness. The story-teller, who is not taking part in the story, can be the character of the other one, nevertheless.
Depending on an author’s task and style of speech the narrative essay can be neutral (in scientific and official styles of speech) or, on the contrary, penetrated by author’s emotions (in art, publicistic and colloquial styles of speech).