Political ethics is a controversial science that deals with the question of whether morality and politics can be united and whether politics possesses ethical qualities. Political ethics is a science investigating the values and virtues of politics. In fact, the aim of politics is to achieve peace, freedom and justice all over the world. This is directly related to the ethical values. There are also a number of positive negative implications of this science as will be discussed below.
As for the pros of political ethics, it should be mentioned that politicians have more chances to regulate and avoid conflicts if they follow the principles of political ethics. In human society, there are always some reasons for conflicts. The basic aim of politicians is to take measures in order to prevent the use of force in this or that conflict. Owing political ethics, politicians have all chances to peacefully regulate the conflicts and mitigate the potential consequences of this or that problem. Even in case a conflict is unavoidable, political ethics would come handy. It would be beneficial for several reasons. First, it would help to mitigate the conditions which reinforced the conflict. Second, political ethics would help to find an ethical compromise that would not cause any moral objections. In politics, compromises are just as unavoidable as conflicts, and this makes political ethics an inseparable part of politics.
It should be noted that in politics it is much more important to achieve compromise, rather than find out the truth. Politics is quite a controversial sphere, and the aim of politicians is to find a compromise in case there is some kind of conflict. All this leads to a suggestion that political ethics is of great value for political science, and politicians should follow ethical principles in order to find compromise in the existing conflicts.
On the other hand, the above information can be argued about. In fact, today politics lacks moral principles, and the process of political leadership is quite contradictory. Politics has long lost its initial meaning, and it is argued that this tendency is for the best. Sometimes it is important to use severe measures against those who have violated the law. However, such measures as torture, killing of innocent people and propaganda of hatred for the humanity are not taken into account. Nevertheless, there are situations when political ethics hinders the activity of politicians.
It is undoubtedly true that politicians should try to achieve legitimized power. This is the basic principle of democracy. Ethics in this regard is needed in order to ensure political order. The order should be achieved only on the basis of legitimized decisions. If the trust towards a political leader is lost, than the given leader loses liability and simultaneously power. In this case, he/she has nothing else to do but to employ violence, which is unacceptable in a democratic society.
In such a way, the issue of political ethics is rather controversial with both negative and positive sides. But on the whole, political ethics ensures that there are no conflicts during the political leadership, and if a conflict arises it is solved by means of a compromise without the use of violence or force. This ensures prosperity of a democratic society, in which ethical principles are placed above all other and respected as nothing else. Political ethics teaches to respect the interests of others. However, it is still argued whether political ethics is at all necessary. Some people have no doubts that it plays a significant role in political leadership of any state. Others perceive it as an excessive measure. It is hard to say who is right so that it is still argued whether conflicts are an inseparable part of politics or whether they can be avoided.