Among the reasons of homelessness are:
– poverty, growth in house prices;
– reforms in the health care system when it was decided to refocus the content of the mentally ill in favor of settlements, as opposed to public psychiatric hospitals. However, due to lack of funds for the implementation of housing programs, many patients became homeless clinics.
– The complex housing legislation, which impairs the possibility of low-cost housing;
– About half of children living in foster homes and institutions of state care, become homeless after they turn 18.
– Natural disasters deprive people of housing.
Illegally occupied homes. That is, there are tenants, squatters (the people who live illegally on someone’s property, but for some reason the owners do not expel them.) Often this is in “economically depressed”ť areas, where owners have given up on abandoned houses. This often happens in various ghettos.
In all these cases, homelessness is not a “literal”ť, but has legal status. They do not have a home that is appropriate under the official definition of “personal accommodation.”ť In many countries the concept of “homelessness”ť may have a slightly different meaning than in developed countries. With rampant poverty, the concept of private housing is determined by local custom and dwelling in a hut or a shack made of corrugated metal is not ashamed and so absence of a roof over your head is not a sign of extreme poverty and also does not make a man a pariah. In countries where the population mostly lives in slums used a group of exoticism for more precise characteristics of their realities. Thus, the slums of Brazil are known as favelas. This poor settlement of mixed origin, located on the mountain slopes descend towards the metropolis, is controlled by gangs of drug barons. In Spanish-speaking countries like the notion of implication is the barrio. In Russia, the slums are often called wooden barracks apartment with no amenities. Slums are also usually the most prevalent in tropical and subtropical climates as in cold climates for a long existence in low-quality housing with an almost complete lack of necessary infrastructure is physically impossible. There should also be taken into account the fact that the population density of the Nordic countries is less significant, and rarely leads to a high concentration of population, according to Home and Homelessness in the Medieval and Renaissance.
Traditionally, nomads moved with their herds living in temporary shelters such as tents or just in the open air and therefore the concept of homelessness is not among them. In the sedentary lifestyle that is characteristic for the majority of the inhabitants of developed and developing countries, a way of life is rare and it is related to ethnic minorities who are prone to wander like gypsies, the Irish travelers, and others. Homelessness of these individuals is voluntary, and there are “nomads”ť travel encampments, living usually in vehicles or buildings are often accidental non-residential type. With respect to such persons by the authorities often apply measures aimed at forced assimilation of “civilized”ť society. Currently, the authorities of various countries apply measures to monitor the execution of such persons of parental responsibilities in relation to young children who, as a result of lifestyle their parents do not always get them to have good education and health.
The condition of homeless people is usually defined as homeless, is a situation in which a person has long been a place of residence. This distinguishes them from members of a nomadic culture (such as the Roma people, known as Gypsies or Gypsy) for which this condition (together with life in a closed community and social collectivism) is a normal and an ancient history. There are many points of view considering the consequences of homeless and considering the races that are overrepresented on the streets and others are not.
Even the term tramp is not completely comparable to the homeless as people who fall in its class make their wandering lifestyle. The plight of the homeless and more visible in the poorest areas of large cities and suburban areas, even if the homeless or transient people often coexist more or less visibly in communities where residents are not poor. The legal term homeless is often used as an alternative to officially: homeless person, or: the homeless.
There are many places where homeless can find refuge: outside- in a tent or in the trash; in a vehicle – a car or a trailer. Some of these are wealthy people who live in this way by choice and do not consider themselves “homeless”ť in the usual sense. For others, a vehicle can serve as a temporary arrangement, just for example, people evicted from their homes. This occurs in a public place: parks, bus or train stations, airports; in abandoned structures: buildings and abandoned cars, boats pulled ashore; shelters; dormitories that offer temporary housing and are often used by financial people trying to get out of homelessness; friends or family; refugee camps: camps are properly equipped for the homeless usually located near the train stations.