Homelessness as a social phenomenon is embodied in the whole complex of economic, social, political, civil, cultural, and psychological conflicts, by which large numbers of people in modern society is systematically deprived of the necessary living conditions recognized by the integral side of civilized society and social policy in the modern legal states, as stated in The weird thing about being homeless is that you have nowhere to go.
Homelessness has become a phenomenon especially noticeable in connection with urbanization, the concentration of population and overcrowding, although it can not be regarded as purely an urban problem. Homelessness can grow, covering a significant portion of the population, even during periods of active residential construction. In the general scientific term homelessness as a social phenomenon rooted in the institutional crisis, which covers the vital subsystems of society, above all, social production, and the right family. Bursts of homelessness are accompanied by structural crises, economy, transitional periods in their legal systems and family structures, as stated in National alliance to end homelessness.
Prejudices prevailing on homelessness in public opinion turn against the homeless citizens, and make it difficult for them or making futile efforts and social services to get out of homelessness. The media is not only the problem of homelessness and it is not receiving adequate coverage – on the contrary applies “hate speech”ť against the homeless compatriots. Thereby there are violated humanitarian norms, social reality is distorted, prejudiced the interests of millions of people.
Homelessness is defined as a social phenomenon than individuals from the scope of possession or use of residential premises, in which they were systematically denied access to the rights guaranteed by this society to participate in social, economic, cultural and political life. All nations and races face the problem of homelessness, especially in the third world countries, and as well in developing and developed countries. The races that are overrepresented in the streets are those who have their peculiarities and the way of life, for example gypsy. Different outlook and perception of normal life also have black people in some regions of Africa and Latin America, where they are representing the majority of the homeless.
Form and extent of homelessness as a social phenomena are social and historical conditioning and the national state specificity, which in Russian society during most of the XX century was expressed in the failure to ensure the country’s population comfortable housing and a simultaneous imposition of the state to citizens depending on the legal exercise of their rights and freedoms mechanisms for the registration of their place of residence or place of residence. All in all, the issue of homelessness is extremely important nowadays and there have to be implemented new approaches and ideas to combat it. Some races such as blacks and people from Latin America represent the majority of the homeless due to different reasons, to racial peculiarities and other reasons. It is important to take this fact into consideration and to improve the current situation with homelessness in the world.