The social problem to be addressed is educating immigrant children and their integration into the normal social life, which includes cultural adaptation. In actuality, the problem of educating immigrant children is very important because a considerable part of immigrant arriving in the USA, mainly from countries of the third world, have a very low educational level. This means that even parents of immigrant children have a poor education, including poor language competence and basic education. In such a situation, their children are particularly vulnerable to the risk of getting either poor education or no education at all. At the same time, it is necessary to remember about difficulties immigrant children can face in the process of education.
In fact, the demographics enrolled in the social program should be children of immigrants who were either born abroad or born in the USA, but they should represent the first generation of immigrants in the USA. The age of children can vary from the preschool to adolescence. In fact, it is possible to establish age limits from 5 to 17, though it is possible to enlarge the age limits and include children under the age of 5, on the condition that parents cannot afford educating their children at this age and they cannot afford attendance of kindergarten or any other preschool establishments by their children, where they can get standard education.
It is extremely important to solve problem because immigrant children often turn out to be in a disadvantageous position compared to American children and they need the assistance to get integrated into the life of American society, which is strange for them. In such a situation, children suffer from serious psychological problems and they become succumbed to social isolation. In addition, their parent often cannot afford education for their children, while poor language competence make the education even in public schools very difficult for them. This means that these children need the external assistance, a special social program which can help them get basic education, improve their language skills, get the general knowledge of American culture and, in such a way, the social program can facilitate their integration in the American society and open larger opportunities in their further life.
The social program should function on the permanent basis and the program can start as soon as the organizational issues are solved, i.e. when the social program get facilities where it can implement educational programs for immigrant children, when the sources of funding of the program are defined and the program gets started being funded, the personnel is recruited and trained to work with immigrant children. All this can take about half a year or up to one year, while when all these procedures are accomplished it is possible to start the practical implementation of the social program, i.e. engagement of immigrant children in educational programs.
In actuality, there are a lot of causes, which make the development of the social program aiming at educating of immigrant children essential. First of all, the ignorance of problems of immigrant children can lead to the violation of their basic human rights. To put it more precisely, immigrant children, having poor language competence and low educational level can hardly afford standard American education, even at the level of public schools. In such a way, they turn out to be in a disadvantageous position compared to American children that means that immigrant children are discriminated and deprived of equal opportunities to get education. At this point, it is important to underline that they can have equal opportunities with American children only on the condition that they have the standard language proficiency and are able to learn as other American children do.
In addition, it is necessary to remember about cultural aspect. In fact, immigrant children are practically unfamiliar with American culture.
As a result, they cannot understand American values and norms of social life that leads to their exclusion from the American society and they entirely focus on their own community. Potentially, such exclusion can have extremely negative effects because it can result in the radicalization of immigrant children and, as they grow up, they cannot find their place in the society which culture and lifestyle they do not understand.
Moreover, the lack of education can have very negative socioeconomic effects, including unemployment because of the low qualification of immigrants and high crime rates because uneducated children, as they grow up, cannot always find a job and are forced to commit crimes to earn for living somehow.
The implementation of the program can improve the situation consistently. In fact, the social program can facilitate the integration of immigrant children in the American society due to their education. In such a way, it is possible to accelerate not only their integration but also their academic success since, if they can have extra classes or when they improve their language competence, they can study as successfully as all other American children do and it is only their personal inclinations and abilities that define their academic successes, but not the lack of language competence, for instance, or isolation because of cultural ignorance.
In fact, the milestone idea of the social program is the integration of immigrant children in the American society through their education and provision these children with equal opportunities compared to American children to succeed in their education. Basically, the program meets traditional American values grounded on democratic principles of equality for all people.
It proves beyond a doubt that the entire American society will win in case of the successful implementation of the program because the successful integration of immigrant children in American society and improvement of their educational level will help them become a part of American society and get larger job opportunities that, in its turn, will minimize the risk of social tension between immigrants and the rest of the society, including the decrease of crime rates and unemployment rates since education helps people to lead a normal social life and get a normal job.
The mission of the program is the assistance to immigrant families to integrate their children into the American society and culture. The goals of the program include the development of educational programs for children to improve their educational level and in such a way accomplish the mission of the program. The objectives of the program include the implementation of education programs and educating immigrant children. The two major objectives should be met: the formation of the language competency of immigrant children (the ultimate goal is making them proficient English speakers) and the acquaintance of immigrant children with American culture in terms of educational programs.
The benefits of the program are obvious since immigrant children will get education free of charge and, in actuality, they will have extra classes along with their education at public schools, for instance. The services are purely educational, though they apparently have cultural elements. For instance, in terms of educational programs it is possible to organize celebrations of American holidays to get immigrant children acquainted with American traditions.
The eligibility rules should be clear and fair. The major eligibility criterion is being a child in the first generation of immigrant family. In addition, it is possible to introduce the income level limit, i.e. the program can be available to children from low-income families only.
The educational services are delivered by educators employed in terms of the social program, while the education process occurs in the facilities which were selected specifically for the program. For instance, it can be a public school facility, where educators can work with immigrant children when it is unoccupied.
The theory is the integration of immigrant children through education. The specification of the program include the development of educational programs, including language program and cultural program by means of which immigrant children can learn the language and get acquainted with American culture that will facilitate their integration and put them into equal position compared to other children.
The expenses of the social program include salary of the educators. The payment should be on the hour basis and meet the level of public school teachers’ salary, but, in addition, the social program will fund the transfer of educators. As for immigrant children they may need to cover their costs on travel with the help of the social program. Also, it is necessary to pay for the leasing the facility and equipment needed in the education process.
All these expenses can be covered from the special fund where people could donate money to support education of immigrant children. In this respect, it is possible to count for successful representatives of immigrant communities who are willing to improve the life of their community. Also, the state support will be needed to make the funding of the program stable. At this pointing, accounting can also contribute to the planned and adequate use of available funds.
The social program should involve professional educators, preferably those who have already got the experience of work with immigrant children or children representing ethnic minorities. If possible educators representing ethnic minorities can be involved since they can better understand actual problems immigrant children face in their daily life in the new cultural environment and, therefore, these educators can be more helpful and efficient in the work with immigrant children. At the same time, educators are likely to have a part-time job in terms of this social program. In addition, it is necessary to employ a professional encounter and a manager or a manager, who is able to do accounting of the program. In such a way, it will be possible to save costs.
The evaluation of the effectiveness of the program can be made on the basis of the analysis of academic success of immigrant children and their involvement in school activities. The improvement of their academic success and their active participation in various school activities will indicate to the high efficiency of the social program.