One day in office, President Clinton offered a program to replace welfare, its work, upheld by Congress changed his program to trim down costs. President Clinton signed to the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) in 1996. This measure replaced Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) with Temporary AID to Needy Families (TANF). States were able to reject some groups (such as disabled adults and parents of children under a year old) from labour demands. Has the welfare reform act of 1996 reached its purpose of changing the culture of poverty? Specialists state the consequences have been mixed. While employment has risen, many leave welfare to work in low-wage jobs. Increasingly, jobs have moved to suburbs, making problems of accessibility for urban residents. In 2005, Hurricane Katrina focused new awareness on the problems of the poor living on the margins of society. Hurricane Katrina concentrated new attention on the problems of highly concentrated poverty and racial isolation. Years later, the plight of the poor continues to exist. The 2006 reauthorization of PRWORA demanded states to set stricter work demands. The new rules increased the work-participation levels that states have to meet from 50 percent of families with an adult getting TANF help to 70 percent of such families by 2010. Throughout U.S. history, policy makers have struggled to balance personal responsibility with compassion. That struggle continues.