Discuss some of the aspects of the transfer of training. What are the primary factors that play a role in the success of the process? How can application of the training objectives be sustained? What are some of the challenges?
It is known that the effective training of the employees plays an important role in the workplace. Transfer of training allows the employees to apply those new skills which they have learned in the workplace. Transfer of training can be defined as a process of application of skills, new knowledge, and other characteristics which have been learned in one environment or a so called “training situation”ť to another environment or a so called “performance situation”ť. (Goldsten & Ford, 2002, p.23) My goal in this paper is to discuss some of the aspects of the transfer of training.
The major task of the transfer of training is to improve the employee’s way of doing his job in order to achieve positive results and to promote the development of business.
The primary factors which play a role in the success of the process include the following ones: training motivation of the employees which will make it possible to increase the level of knowledge of the employees; training design and conditions in the workplace which will allow the employees to feel comfortable and to apply their new skills and knowledge in a proper way, without any obstacles. There also some aspects which should be taken into consideration:
”˘ there should be some similarity between the training situation and the performance situation. Some experts consider that the more the training and the performance situations are similar, the better and more effective the transfer of training.
”˘ There should be acute application of new skills and knowledge with the old skills and knowledge.
”˘ There should be certain level of mastery in the training which will allow to make the work more effective. buy essay
The application of the training objectives can be sustained by means of the joint actions of the trainee and the trainer. The trainee should gain specific knowledge and skills at the end of the training activity. That is why the role of the trainer is also very important in the process of transfer. It is not enough for the trainee to get the appropriate knowledge which should be used in the work, it is also very important to provide the trainee with the appropriate equipment in order to perform the task in a proper way. Training objectives are necessary for successful performance of the work. The trainees should understand the major aims of the training. Training objectives will make it possible “to provide discipline in the process of training and to analyze the condition which can be found in the workplace”ť. (Odiome, 1997, p.34)
It is also necessary to add that training objectives should be used in any training program in order to adhere to the plan of training or training design. The trainee will be able to concentrate on the main task, to reduce anxiety connected with unknown tasks and issues, to have motivation which will help in further successful transfer of training. (Odiome, 1997, p.36)
It is known that there are some challenges of the transfer of training which should be overcome. They are connected with instructional technology of the trainer, motivation of the trainee, information encoding or retrieval and others. In order to facilitate the process of transfer of training, it is necessary to pay attention to the following aspects:
”˘ to formulate the objectives of training clearly and intelligibly. The trainees should be taught exactly what they will perform in the workplace. They should evaluate their new knowledge and skills.
”˘ The use of examples will help to make the transfer of training easier. The major goal of using multiple examples in the process of training is to develop a so called “process of analogical reasoning”ť.
”˘ It is necessary to pay attention to the characteristics of the trainees in order to find out the abilities of each of the trainee. The major characteristic is the quantity of the possessed knowledge and skills.
”˘ A proper supervisory support will help to achieve success in transfer of training. The supervisors should be aware of the main objectives of the training program and to find connection between the skills possessed by the trainee and the final outcomes. (Haskell, 2002, p.5)
In conclusion, it is necessary to say that transfer of training gives employees the opportunity to effectively apply their new knowledge and skills to the job in order to make good results in the workplace. Of course, a lot of factors should be taken into consideration for the successful performance of the work. Training objectives are very important for any training program and they influence the effectiveness of transfer of training.
Goldstein, I., Ford, J. (2002) Training in Organization. Belmont: Wadsworth.
Haskell, R. (2002) Transfer of Learning and Training. New York: Academic Press.
Odiome, G. (1997) Training by Objectives: An Economic Approach to Management Training. New York: Maccmillan.