Essay on Instructional Unit: Lesson Plans

The following lesson plans are included in the instructional unit.

5.1.      Lesson Plan I

Topic: Fractions and Mixed Numbers: Equivalent Fractions

Grade Level: 5

Objectives: By performing this activity, students will become familiar with equivalent fractions and have a meaningful experience to relate them to.  It is hoped that students will become more experienced in using fractions and have a better understanding of them.

Materials and resources: math books, pencils, paper, colored markers, 30 colored cards with fractions for the Fraction Fishing game.

Pre-activities: students will review the term equivalent fractions, and the terms numerator and denominator.


8/12; 6/10; 7/9; 2/3

Assessment: At the end of the lesson, the students will be given a set of review questions in the form of testing. When students complete 10-15 problems, their answers will be checked. The informal observation will be based on the participation of the students in the Fraction Fishing game.

5.2.      Lesson Plan II

Topic: Fractions and Mixed Numbers: Reduction Fractions to Simplest Forms

Grade Level: 5

Objectives: Students will be taught to reduce fractions to the simplest form. They will be able to know definition of the terms reduction of fractions, fraction in the simplest form and common divisor.

Materials and resources: math books, pencils, paper, black and white stones.

Pre-activities: Students will be explained the rules:

  1. A fraction is written in the simplest form when it has the smallest numerator and denominator.
  2. To put a fraction in the simplest form, it is necessary to find the largest number that can divide both the numerator and the denominator and to divide both the numerator and the denominator of the fraction by that number.


12/16 = 12:2/16:2 = 6/8 and 12/16 = 12:4/16:4 = 3/4

The result: 6/8 and ¾””are equivalent to the fraction 12/16. It means 12/16 can be changed to 6/8 or ¾ without changing its value

Assessment: students will be assessed in groups, and individually. They will be given tests with similar assignments.

5.3.      Lesson Plan III

Topic: Addition of Fractions with Unlike Dominators

Grade Level: 5

Objectives: Students will be able to learn how to add fractions with unlike dominators.

Materials and resources: math books, fraction cards, colored pencils, online program Adding Fractions with Different Denominators.

Pre-activities: The students review addition of fraction with the same dominators. Then, the students are taught the rules of adding fractions with unlike dominators:

  1. Find what the Least Common Denominator (LCD) of the given fractions is.
  2. Rename the fractions to have the LCD.
  3. Add the numerators of the fractions.
  4. Simplify the Fraction (Adding Fractions: Unlike Dominators, 2012).


Assessment: Student will be asked the following questions:

  1. How do you add questions?
  2. What real-world example can you give where you add fractions to solve a problem?
  3. How can you use visual representations for adding and subtracting fractions?

In addition, the students are given fraction cards in which they can find different problems ”“ they choose only the problems with addition of fractions. They are given 10 minutes to solve these problems.

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