ThereÂ areÂ aÂ lotÂ ofÂ ethicalÂ normsÂ inÂ ourÂ life. TheyÂ haveÂ theirÂ ownÂ deep historicalÂ rootsÂ fromÂ theÂ Middle Ages,Â times ofÂ warriors,Â kingsÂ andÂ princesses. But, ofÂ course,Â they have changedÂ aÂ lot. TheÂ understandingÂ andÂ attitudeÂ toÂ thisÂ questionÂ isÂ veryÂ different nowadays.
So, to understandÂ somethingÂ weÂ mustÂ firstlyÂ findÂ whatÂ ethics is. Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary defines ethics as fallows: the discipline dealing with what is good and bad and with moral duty and obligation (Ethic). AccordingÂ toÂ theÂ meaning ofÂ theÂ wordÂ we can seeÂ thatÂ normÂ ofÂ ethicÂ dependsÂ on ourÂ selves. It meansÂ thatÂ whatÂ isÂ goodÂ forÂ meÂ mightÂ beÂ badÂ forÂ you.Â AsÂ aÂ result, youÂ couldÂ beÂ accused Â orÂ misunderstand Â inÂ situationÂ whenÂ yourÂ moralÂ differsÂ fromÂ your opponents.
InÂ ideal, whenÂ weÂ say Â ethic,Â weÂ equalÂ thisÂ termÂ toÂ withÂ good,Â Â orÂ kind,Â forÂ example. ThisÂ isÂ measureÂ ofÂ humansÂ actions,Â behavior, Â goodness. AsÂ itÂ Â said, “do unto others as you would have done unto you.” People alwaysÂ Â forgetÂ kind,Â theyÂ rememberÂ badÂ thingsÂ better.
ThatÂ isÂ howÂ ourÂ memoryÂ organized.
ItÂ isÂ easyÂ enoughÂ toÂ understand,Â thatÂ ethical normsÂ areÂ quiteÂ thingÂ Â lineÂ betweenÂ goodÂ andÂ evil,Â honestyÂ andÂ lie,Â becauseÂ everybodyÂ doÂ asÂ heÂ wantsÂ inÂ oneÂ specialÂ moment. ThereÂ isÂ oneÂ checkÂ forÂ yourselfÂ toÂ seeÂ whoÂ youÂ are. BeforeÂ doingÂ somethingÂ askÂ yourselfÂ onlyÂ oneÂ question: “WhomÂ IÂ wantÂ toÂ seeÂ lookingÂ inÂ theÂ mirror?” ThisÂ willÂ helpÂ youÂ toÂ beÂ honestÂ andÂ attentiveÂ toÂ yourÂ actions. AllÂ inÂ Â all,Â ethicalÂ normsÂ areÂ yourÂ ownÂ systemÂ ofÂ valuesÂ andÂ itÂ mustÂ stayÂ constant.
AsÂ manyÂ scientistsÂ say,Â ethicÂ normsÂ andÂ moralÂ areÂ lawsÂ ofÂ nature andÂ ifÂ humanÂ breaksÂ themÂ heÂ isÂ influencedÂ byÂ degradation.
ModernÂ philosopher,Â Francis Fukuyama says,Â thatÂ moralÂ isÂ aÂ socialÂ capital,Â theÂ factor ,whichÂ showsÂ aÂ situationÂ inÂ society. Ancient Â philosopher AristotleÂ useÂ ethicÂ toÂ findÂ anÂ answerÂ onÂ aÂ question: “WhatÂ mustÂ weÂ do?” DuringÂ humans evolution philosophersÂ triedÂ toÂ giveÂ anÂ exactÂ notion,Â however,Â itÂ wasÂ hardÂ toÂ doÂ becauseÂ inÂ differentÂ Â theories Â wereÂ givenÂ indefiniteÂ andÂ contradictoryÂ interpretations.
EthicÂ learnsÂ individualÂ moralÂ sidesÂ andÂ moralÂ inÂ globalÂ meaning. However,Â itÂ was notÂ establishedÂ likeÂ anyÂ otherÂ science, itÂ appearedÂ becauseÂ ofÂ humansÂ interests,Â desireÂ forÂ satisfyÂ andÂ answerÂ someÂ deepÂ andÂ privateÂ questions. MoralÂ does not appearÂ inÂ someÂ definiteÂ moment,Â itÂ isÂ developingÂ throughÂ allÂ pathÂ ofÂ evolution. InÂ allÂ timesÂ andÂ everywhereÂ wishesÂ andÂ abilitiesÂ ofÂ aÂ manÂ wereÂ closeÂ connectedÂ with Â socialÂ moral,Â ethicalÂ norms.