Today, the problem of the development of low-throughput, sustainable agriculture is very important because such agriculture is environmentally friendly, while the dominating conventional agriculture can be very harmful to the environment and human health. In such a situation, the potential danger of the use of some materials, such as herbicides or antibiotics that are widely spread in the conventional agriculture, can be dangerous and extremely harmful to human health and environment, but, at the same time, conventional farming does not have an alternative that could be applied at the large scale. In this respect, organic farming may be really helpful because this farming implies the use of only natural products and does not involve the use of any kind of chemical or non-organic materials in the process of farming. In such a way, organic farming may be environmentally friendly and safe to human health that makes this farming a perfect alternative to conventional means. In fact, organic agriculture can provide the sustainable development of agriculture with minimal throughput and harmful impact on the environment.
First of all, organic farming is traditionally supposed to produce natural food without the use of conventional means such as artificial chemical additives that make agricultural products much more attractive for a customer who is concerned about his/her health. It is a well-known fact that pesticides amply used in conventional farming may be very dangerous not only to human health but also to environment where people live. Organic farming traditionally uses manure, different composts and other natural products which cannot be harmful to human health because they are composed of natural products.
Furthermore, the development of organic farming is based on the fertilization of soil with organic products. The use of such technologies makes the process of cultivation and reproduction of new plants more environmentally friendly. It is especially important nowadays, when the problem of restoration of the productivity of lands is very important. The lands that were traditionally used for conventional farming are exhausted by pesticides and risk to be completely destroyed if such methods of farming will not be abandoned because they are really destructive for environment, especially for soil.
Also organic farming contributes to the growing diversity of plants, while conventional farming is based on the use of pesticides and other chemicals. As a result, the nature of organic farming implies the development of the diversity of plants that is one of the major conditions of higher productivity of land, which is achieved without use of any chemical materials widely used in conventional farming.
Another advantage of organic farming is the fact that the nutrition of cattle and poultry is based on the use of natural fodder and the use of any chemicals, such as antibiotics, is highly restricted and their use is thoroughly controlled. Unlike conventional farming, organic farming treats them naturally. This ensures that the products of organic farms will be safe and healthy.
Finally, organic farming rejects the implementation of elements and additives that cannot be naturally processed. In other words, organic farming uses natural, organic elements only to cultivate plants and feed cattle, while the products received in the result of organic farming can be recycled and used as fertilizers for the soil. In such a way, it is possible to restore soil and minimize the negative impact of human activities.