- March 29, 2013
- Posted by: essay
- Category: Term paper writing
The Gender differences in other Countries
The gender differences vary with the extent of societal gender inequality as well as the cultural attitudes concerning the gender equality in different countries.
We all know that in some regions in the world, inequality between women and men features matters of life and death, taking the brutal form of women’ high mortality rates and a preponderance of men within the total population, as opposed to the preponderance of women found in societies with little or no gender bias regarding health care and nutrition. Moreover, mortality deference has been seen in North Africa and in Asia, in particular, China and South Asia.
Natality inequality: many male-dominated societies have given preferences for boys over girls. Besides, that results that parents want the newborn to be a boy rather than a girl. Some counties have a co called high-tech sexism. The modern techniques to determine the gender of the fetus, sex-selective abortion have become common in many countries, for example, East Asia, in China and South Korea in particular, but also in Singapore and Taiwan, and India and South Asia as well. buy essay
Ownership inequality: we know that the property ownership can also be very unequal in many societies.
Professional inequality: women often face greater handicap than men concerning the jobs.
4) The Family as an Economic Unit
There are some reasons for couples to make family as an Economic Unit.
The first reason is that women are more likely to be more productive in the home and men are relatively more productive in the market. It is also very important to mention that men and women are raised with different expectations and get different education and training. So, women usually have primary responsibility for homemaking.
The second reason is the fact that housing for two people does not cost twice as much as housing for one.
While preparing meals for two people you need less time as it does to prepare them for one person.
The third reason is a public good, when the consumption of the item by one person doesn’t diminish the amount available for consumption by others. For example, it is always more pleasant to watch a movie when not being alone, but in a company.
Another reason is that it is easier to raise children together.
Besides, if one becomes unemployed, the family can rely on the other spouse to cover the part of the household expenses.
5) The Differences in Occupation and Earnings: The Role of Labor Market Discrimination
Men are more likely to be in managerial and administrative occupations or to be craftsmen. So, men are more likely to have the top positions in these spheres. Besides, we can see less women discrimination in the public sector but in the private sector discrimination against women is a major factor explaining the differences in their earnings. However, the times are changing and the difference in earning of men and women is becoming less and in some countries women are earning more than men. Meanwhile, there is still sex discrimination as men don’t want women to get the top positions.
6) The pros and cons of nonstandard employment for workers
We all know that such nonstandard employment for workers has both advantages and disadvantages.
Advantages are the following: within a family the member who earns more can work while the other may raise children. In addition, women are now having the possibility to be in the spheres in which they couldn’t be before. Part time jobs for the person who sits with the child can be the solution if a family has a lack of money.
The disadvantages are the following: the standard employment is changing. Some people are against that and some people consider concrete specializations to be only male or female. For some men the fact that women have the top positions can be unpleasant.