Essay on The War of 1812: The War That Both Sides Won

Recently, the terrible events of the war in 1812 attracted great attention and interest of historians to study this period of history. The study of this war was conducted during the 20th century and covered in many historical works, however, most Americans have only a vague understanding of the nature of war, the significance and importance it had for the further development of the American history. Many Americans know only the most basic events of the war, the major battles, such as the Battle of New Orleans, the burning of the nation’s capital. Some of the reasons of that are the controversies in studying of the war, the uncertainty of many factors, such as the causes and outcomes of the war, as well as differences in the views of historians on these historical events. It can be said that the war between the USA and The British Empire has become an important research problem, the relevance of which can be explained by the following circumstances:

The first reason is importance of these historical events. 1812 was a turning point in the relations between the USA and the British Empire. It was this relatively short historical period of time that determined the further development of the American history.  Americans called this war the second war for independence, which confirmed the status of the United States as a sovereign nation. The results of the war decided to not only a question of the sovereignty of the nation but had great importance for the future of Anglo-American relations. Socio-political consequences of the war brought awareness of the need of radical changes in the social life of the country and gave a powerful impetus to the democratic movement in the country. These factors determined the significance of the topic for its scientific understanding.

The second reason is the scale and controversy of the events of 1812, which create the objective difficulties in their study. The accumulation of facts, their classification and synthesis was carried out gradually, and this process is not completed now. Today, some new facts and scientific ideas open up new horizons for scientific generalizations. Publication of documents previously unknown to wide range of researchers promote a critical understanding and in-depth study of the events of the war, as well as new opinions among scholars.

The third reason is the controversial nature of the study and discussion of the war. In modern historiography  there is no single well-established view on many conceptual issues, such as causes of armed conflict, strategic plans and objectives of the warring parties, military and political results of the war and other aspects. The variety of opinions and judgments pushes researchers to reasoned justification of their own positions, stimulate writing new historical works. In such circumstances, the need for further research of the topic requires a new approach in the historical science to the retrospective of the various key provisions of the history of the war of the 1812.

The War of 1812 is considered one of the most controversial in the U.S. history. It was caused by a number of contradictions between the U.S. and Britain, which formally recognized the sovereignty of the United States, but continued some oppressing actions towards it. The U.S. had its own objectives in the war, but many Americans and political parties opposed the war. Being a rather complicated for the United States, the War of 1812 brought contradictory results to all the warring parties. Many historians believe that the war has not brought serious results, and therefore none of the countries has won or lost.

In this paper it is necessary to consider the ideas of different authors about the war of the 1812, to present different views and opinions of the authors. In particular, it is necessary to consider the approaches to the study of the war of such authors as Turner Wesley B. in his book The War of 1812: The War That Both Sides Won, Hickey Donald R. in the The War of 1812: A Forgotten Conflict and Marrin Albert in 1812, the War Nobody Won.

It is necessary to consider why the War of 1812 is considered contradictory, and prove that no country has won and lost in it.

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