- May 7, 2014
- Posted by: essay
- Category: Term paper writing
An ethnographicÂ investigation wasÂ held at a large company in the New York City.Â TheÂ team under investigation consisted ofÂ people of differentÂ ages, nationalities, religiousÂ beliefs,Â representatives of variousÂ professions. The purpose ofÂ ethnographic investigationÂ wasÂ to traceÂ specificÂ manifestations ofÂ the national psyche andÂ its influenceÂ on the behavior andÂ interaction of people, especially in aÂ tenseÂ working relationships; to examine theÂ processesÂ of teamwork, the elementsÂ of organizedÂ culture, relationshipÂ between the participants involved inÂ theÂ work. SinceÂ the U.S.Â is a home to manyÂ nationalities, whoÂ have equal opportunitiesÂ in employment, the majority ofÂ teamsÂ in organizationsÂ areÂ diverse, that is why the investigation is highly relevantÂ and practicalÂ significance, whichÂ led toÂ the choice of theme.
The main objective ofÂ this investigation wasÂ toÂ study theÂ identity ofÂ the SpanishÂ national psycheÂ and to revealÂ the specifics of itsÂ influenceÂ on the behavior ofÂ members of thisÂ ethnic groupÂ in conflictÂ with otherÂ people.
The hypothesis ofÂ the studyÂ was the following:
a)Â national psychology influences theÂ interaction andÂ behavior of people,Â gives them aÂ definiteÂ shape andÂ specificityÂ results inÂ quality parameters and characteristics of theseÂ processes;
b) behavior ofÂ the SpaniardsÂ and other nationalitiesÂ in the conflictÂ interaction with each otherÂ has its differences,Â which are due toÂ historically developedÂ peculiarities of each nationÂ andÂ itsÂ social perceptionÂ of other ethnic communities,Â the specific expression ofÂ their valuesÂ ”‹”‹and motives,Â the nationalÂ non-individual personalityÂ and social and psychologicalÂ qualitiesÂ peculiarÂ stylesÂ and strategiesÂ with otherÂ people.
Ethnographic study included close communication with the participants, acquaintance with the kinds of activity among the participants and discussion of their work.Â Ethnography was chosen because of the possibility of an extensive description of the culture of communication and work between different members in the team.Â Other approaches were less suitable: for example, theoretic research is used rather to construct a theory than a description, and phenomenology is focused more on the individual experience than at the cultural level.
The role of the researcher was to fix the content and process of team cohesion and communication for over 40 hours of study during 4 weeks.Â All characteristics of the behavior and communication between participants, their responsibilities were reported in the form of notes, as the basis of generalizations and conclusions, after each study session. Acting in accordance with the investigation strategy, the researcher tried to identify specific details and additional models. As we can see, a researcher takesÂ a central role in the ethnographicÂ study, acts as a leader, directs andÂ tracksÂ the progress ofÂ the pilotÂ process.