- March 16, 2013
- Posted by: essay
- Category: Term paper writing
Ethics is one of the most ancient philosophical disciplines; the object of the study of ethics are morals and morality. Morality occupies its specific place in the system of human values. Moral consciousness determines the behavior of people and their relationships (interpersonal, group, social). Moral criterion is applicable as an assessment base to all areas of human activity. Thus, we are going to consider whether there are reasons to think that it is always better to be morally perfect according to Kant and Mill. In addition to morally perfect status, we will talk about situation when it might be better not to be morally perfect.
First of all we are going to mention that it is difficult to draw a dividing line between the flow of time into two unequal parts: before and after the occurrence of morality. It is even more difficult to define the very moment of enlightenment of mankind by the light of moral concepts. Formation – is always a process. Formation of moral ideas, norms, principles, traditions, that became originally the only regulator of human relationships ”“ is long, complex and contradictory process.
This seen to be a true that appearance of morality can not be overestimated; any active form of human activity needs a moral evaluation criteria, the absence of such criteria, or fail may negate the most grandiose achievements of practical and scientific activities, politics, economy and ideology. Moreover, formation of moral standards, principles, traditions marks the transition from natural forms of regulation of behavior and relationships to the orderly and consciously controlled. Moral concepts of people were formed over the centuries; they found their reflection in such categories as good, evil, justice, conscience, duty, sense of life, happiness, love, moral norms and principles that govern relations between people.
Kant’s and Mill’s works are particularly distinguished among the philosophical treatises on ethics. For example, Kant’s ethics was the top of moral philosophy of modern times in many ways. Kant has paid a lot of attention to morality (and specifically its specificity), and ethical concept; he has consistently developed it in a number of special papers; thus, Kat’s ethics of morality was the most developed, systematic and complete among the classics of German philosophy. Kant has put a number of critical issues related to the definition of morality and especially developed his thoughts about the meaning of the concept, which explains the meaning of the phrase ”˜to be morally perfect’. To be perfect, according to Kant, means to be moral, and improve personal qualities, which in its turn means to develop self as a moral entity.