- October 8, 2012
- Posted by: essay
- Category: Term paper writing
Sheikh Muhammad Hussein Fadlallah was the first|first-run| spiritual|spirit| founder|incorporator| and leader of Hezbollah. Sheikh Hussein Fadlallah headed the organization until 1985 year, when the Israeli special services attempted on his life. After it he left his post in organization remaining its spiritual|spirit| leader. He was succeeded by Abbas Musawi, who was killed in 1992 by Israelis (an Israeli Defence Forces helicopter attacked the automobile of Abbas Musawi). Then sheikh Hassan Nasrallah, filling a post of Secretary general, became the leader of Hezbollah. He has been holding this post up to the present moment.
Since the end|end-point| of 80-th, and|but| especially after Hassan Nasrallah became the head of organization, Hezbollah became much|far| more politically active. Hezbollah created a strong structure of management and guidance. In the south of Lebanon Hezbollah became a principal force|strenth|, conducting armed struggle against Israel.Â On the internal political arena Hezbollah (with financial support of Iran) grew into a system existing equally with official|formal| Lebanese institutions and accumulating political force. Hezbollah became also more aggressive in relation to|toward| West and Israel. It was possible|possibly| also due to insistence of Syria to allow|permit| to Hezbollah to play an active role in Lebanese government, in military|battlefield|, bank|banking| and economic systems that was attained through signing of Taef agreement on October 24, 1989 in Beirut|Bayreuth|.Â Taef agreement made start for|contract| state recognition of Hezbollah and due to this agreement the organization went to a new|firsttime| level|Y-level|.
In 1992 Hezbollah got|receive| 8 from 128 places|seat| in Lebanese parliament that allowed|permit| it,|her| while forming blocs with other Islamist deputies, to have from 10% to 20% of voices and thus|on this grow| pretend to the role of one of the leading political forces|strenth| of Lebanon.
Changes taking place inside the organisation provoked structural|structure| reorganization of Hezbollah for the purpose of rapid and effective adaptation|accomodation| to|by| new|firsttime| political and economic conditions. |variating|
|fast|In 1992 military|battlefield| subdivision of Hezbollah was formed into separate structure, formally unconnected with organization. Thus Hezbollah strengthened its political status of organization and at the same time kept leverages of pressure to control possible|possibly| changes|variating| of internal|inlying| and external situation.
Military|battlefield| subdivision of Hezbollah is well organized and deeply hushed-up armed structure, having from 300 to 500 professional soldiers, headed by experienced officers who have had special training.
All members|limb| of Hezbollah are|appear| strict|stern| followers of Islam and teaching of Iranian|Iran| ayatollah Said Khomeyni.
Direction and organizational structure of Hezbollah can be divided into following political legislative and religious bodies|viscus|:
â— Higher|excelsior| Consultative Council (Majlis Al-Shura) is the highest governing body of Hezbollah. It consists of 12 the most eminent religious, political and military figures|agent|. In case of disagreement, the question is to be submitted for consideration to Teheran.Â Organization activity extends over Southern Lebanon, valley|strath| of Bekaa and Shia part|portion| of Beirut|Bayreuth|.
â— Executive|executorial| Council (Shura) under the direction of Hassan Nasrallah carries out everyday activities of Hezbollah, holds meetings|occurring| and makes decisions on financial|cost|, military, juridical, social and political questions.
â— Once in three month Political Council of Hezbollah hears the instructions of Consultative Council and passes instructions to “places”.Â Political Council is at the same time a control committee, which consists of 15 clerics who coordinate auxiliary|AUX| services on regional and local level.
Hezbollah also has such internal structures as military subdivision and secret service department. Secret service department controls newspapers, radio and television.
Hezbollah is|appear| one of the most noticeable, developed and structurally|structure| designed organizations both in Lebanon and in all Middle East region.
For the present moment this is the only public organization structure of Hezbollah. The rest of organization, |only|at least at international level, is organized in independent units. It is done for better secrecy|hush-hush| in order that one group does not have information about the tasks of others.