Psychoanalysis and Postmodernity Essay

Freud is one of the most prominent figure and the founding father of psychoanalysis. At the same time, his theory, in spite of its popularity, was and still is criticized by many specialists, who believe that it is not reliable from the scientific of view. In this regard, it should be said that the theory developed by Freud can be really viewed as quite subjective in scientific terms. Nevertheless, it is hardly possible to underestimate the significance of this theory in understanding human psychology and psychoanalysis.

First of all, it is important to lay emphasis on the fact that Freud’s theory laid the foundation to many other theories concerned with psychoanalysis and psychology. In this respect, Freud’s theory is definitely a good theory because it encouraged the emergence of new theories. In addition, it provoked scientific debates between supporters and opponents of this theory.

On the other hand, the theory developed by Freud apparently has certain drawbacks. For instance, this theory cannot be viewed as good because it is mainly focused on an individual psychology. Freud stressed the importance of ego, Id, and superego which related to psychology of an individual. However, such an approach implies that each individual is unique and it is practically impossible to develop a systematic view or approach to the interpretation of human psychology.

Nevertheless, the psychosexual development described by Freud was a significant contribution in the development of psychology and psychoanalysis because it helps to understand key stages in the development of people, regardless of their cultural background. However, this means that Freud’s theory pays little attention to cultural diversity.

In such a way, Freud’s theory has qualities of good theory as well as substantial flaws which prevent the theory from being good.

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