- March 30, 2013
- Posted by: essay
- Category: Term paper writing
For the intuitive type, each situation in life is closed, oppressive, and the problem of intuition – to find a way out of this vacuum, to try to unlock it.
Introverted extroverted type differs from the fact that it focuses not primarily on the object, but on the subjective data. He has the perception of an object and its own action wedged subjective opinion, which interferes with the action to the character corresponding to this objective.
Introverted thinking is guided by the subjective factor, it has the internal focus, which ultimately determines the proposition. As introverted feeling and thinking is basically determined by subjective factors. According to Jung, the feeling is negative and its outward manifestation is in the negative, negative.
Sensation in the introvert install a subjective nature, because next to an object that is felt, is a subject that feels and who brings an objective irritation subjective location.
Intuition introvert install focused on internal objects, which are represented as subjective images. These images are not found in the external experience, and content are unconscious. According to Jung, they are the contents of the collective unconscious, therefore, not available ontogenetic experience. Man introverted intuitive type, receiving stimulation from an external object that does not stop at perceived as trying to determine what was inside due to external object. Intuition goes beyond feelings; it seems to be trying to look further, beyond feeling, and to perceive the internal image caused by the sensation.
Jung suggested that rather extensive and impressive system of views on the nature of the human psyche. His works include the deeply developed theory of the structure and dynamics of mental-conscious and the unconscious, the detailed theory of psychological types and, more importantly, a detailed description of universal and mental images, which originate in the deep layers of the unconscious psyche.
Problem posed by Jung, in the development of analytical psychology – to reveal the mental world of man as a natural whole phenomenon is not limited to treatment of neuroses, or the study of his intellect or pathological features. However, as repeatedly stressed Jung himself, analytical psychology is a practical discipline in the sense that, along with knowledge of the holistic nature of the psyche, it is technique and mental development, as applicable to ordinary people, is an aid in medical and educational, religious and cultural activities.
When very long “talk”¯ to one author, then, as a consequence, there is something that I would rather calls, not only making sense but empathy. I think this process is familiar to anyone. I realize that empathy not only can not be an argument, but in many respects bears the imprint of my psycho, yet allow myself to her voice. The text of the thinking of Jung’s introvert, in contrast to other, more energetically and expressively saturated, there are many emotive words and expressions that betray the author’s personal involvement in this description. Giving psychological characteristics of different types, Jung demonstrates in his way of thinking a greater degree of abstraction that, by his definition, is in principle feature of introverted thinking function. To do this, from a formal point of view, it is constantly resorted to certain words and phrases. As a scientist, Jung is not only originality of his scientific concepts, but also a specially developed terminology, which is entrenched in certain, specific to their language phrases, and speed. It is in the text of the thinking type (and only there), we find an abundance of such phrases and phrases, which are Jungian terminology, in principle. A description of all types is given in 3 face. The first time Jung mentions introverted thinking almost immediately in the description of thinking as a function of extraverted installation. The text is based on a comparison of fundamentally different ways of design thinking in extroverts and introverts. The very presentation of the material is stylistically designed as an internal dispute of the author. But the important thing: in a big paragraph, devoted to introverted thinking, quite unexpectedly appear pronoun “I”¯, “my”¯, “me”¯, “my”¯, etc.
Jung said that when he was mentally doing some specific object or the general idea his thinking eventually lead again back to the subjects. The course of thoughts is the subjective train of thought. In itself, the use of pronouns in a second person, in terms of linguistic rules, here is appropriate, but it is indicative that Jung has resorted to them solely in the reasoning of the introverted thinking. (They are consumed in the passage 12 times, which is already some infelicities of style, suggestive.) In the description of all other types of pronouns are absent.
Somewhat surprisingly the pronoun “my”¯ appears one more time (and only one) is already in the body of the function of thinking of an introvert. In search of the arguments of his position, I noticed that the description of the introverted thinking type of volume is the greatest place in comparison with all other types. And only a description of the thinking extravert introverted than 2 times. Give a detailed description of the function of thinking in the opposite type could hardly intuitive type. With a very careful study of all these texts I came across one unexpected surprise: extraverted thinking type – it is absolutely accurate, detailed, comprehensive portrait of Freud, as we find in other texts Jung, some internal, possibly unconscious attack against an opponent with whom he linked such dramatic relationship. If my hunch is right to life, this is yet another mystery of Jung, which he left us a legacy.
It should now be sufficiently clear that the very quality conscious main function, conscious installation as a whole are in hard contrast with the qualities of unconscious installation. In other words, we can say that between the conscious and unconscious, there is usually the antithesis. This opposition, however, is not perceived as a conflict as long as the deliberate setting is not too one-sided and not too remote from the installation of the unconscious. But if the opposite happened, the Kantian will be unpleasantly surprised by his Dionysian counterpart which shows up quite inappropriate Kantians impulses. His mind feels the need to suppress these autonomic manifestations, and thus there arises a conflict situation. Immediately unconscious come into active opposition to consciousness, it simply refuses to be depressed. It is true that some marked consciousness, manifestations of crush is not so hard, but then the unconscious impulses simply went out and brought the other vents, which would not be so easy to detect. And since these false safety valves are open, people are already living on the road to neurosis. Indirect outputs, of course, can be made available through the analysis and understanding is then subjected again to the conscious suppression. But this did not put out their instinctual dynamism, but only throw further into the background, while understanding the indirect route chosen by unconscious impulses do not lead to an understanding of one-sidedness of the conscious setting. One should replace another, as it was primarily nothing more than a one-sided that fires the unconscious opposition and penetration into the unconscious impulses only useful when it effectively compensates for this one-sidedness.
Changing conscious of installation – no easy matter, because any familiar set / is, in essence, more or less conscious ideal, hallowed by custom and historical tradition, and based on the bedrock of innate temperament of the person. Conscious setting in nature is always a worldview (Weltanschauung), if it is not a religion in the clear. This is precisely what makes the problem typology is so important. Antithesis (opposition) between types – is not just an external conflict between people, but it is a source of endless internal conflicts that cause not only external arguments and resentments, but also nervous diseases and mental suffering. In addition, this is the fact that obliges us doctors to constantly expand their medical horizons and include not only the common psychological point of view, but also issues related to views on life and the world’s problems or that patient.
In one review, I can not, of course, give you a detailed idea of the depth and extent of these problems. I must be content with the general statement of the main facts and their applications. For a more complete clarification of all the problems I have to recommend you the book “Psychological Types”¯.
In summary, I would like to emphasize that each of the two common settings, introversion and extraversion, manifests itself in the individual in a special way, through the predominance of one of the four basic functions. Strictly speaking, there is no pure and irreducible introverts and extroverts, but only the introverted and extraverted functional types (function types), such as thinking styles, sensing types, and so on. There is, thus, at least eight clearly distinguishable types. Obviously, we can if you wish to increase this number if, for example, each of the functions split into three subgroups, it would be possible empirically. For example, you can easily share the thinking of three well-known shapes: the intuitive and speculative, logical and mathematical, empirical and positive. Similar subgroups can be formed and for other functions, such as in the case of intuition, which has both intellectual and emotional and sensory aspects. At this level, can be formed, a large number of types, each new unit is becoming increasingly sophisticated.
In conclusion, we must add that I do not consider the classification of types according to introversion and extraversion and the four basic functions as the only possible. Any other psychological test can serve as effectively as a qualifier, though, in my opinion, others do not have such extensive practical value.
K. G. Jung. “Psychological types”¯. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1994.